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Taxon: Zea mays L. subsp. mexicana (Schrad.) H. H. Iltis

Genus: Zea
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Tripsacinae
Nomen number: 103582
Place of publication: Annual Rev. Genet. 4:450. 1971 (emend. Phytologia 23:249. 1972)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-Jul-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 582 (129 active, 33 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • Central Plateau teosinte  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • Chalco teosinte  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • Durango teosinte  (Source: Amer J Bot) - English
  • Mexican teosinte  (Source: NRCS Cons Pl Mat) - English
  • nobogame teosinte  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • rayana grass  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • téosinte  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Teosinte  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • teosinto  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • teosinto-de-Guatemala  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • maíz silvestre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • sommarteosint  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua (s.w.), Durango (s.)]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Guanajuato, Jalisco (e.), México, Michoacán de Ocampo (e.)]


  1. Díez M., C. et al. 2013. Genome size variation in wild and cultivated maize along altitudinal gradients. New Phytol. 199:264-276.
  2. Doebley, J. F. & H. H. Iltis. 1980. Taxonomy of Zea (Gramineae). I. A subgeneric classification with key to taxa. Amer. J. Bot. 67:982-993.
  3. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators Note: = Zea mexicana (Schrad.) Kuntze
  4. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  5. González, G. A. & L. Poggio. 2015. Genomic affinities revealed by GISH suggests intergenomic restructuring between parental genomes of the paleopolyploid genus Zea. Genome 58:1-7.
  6. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  7. Hufford, M. B. et al. 2013. The genomic signature of crop-wild introgression in maize. PLoS Genet. 9(5):e1003477. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003477
  8. Iltis, H. H. & J. F. Doebley. 1980. Taxonomy of Zea (Gramineae). II. Subspecific categories in the Zea mays complex and a generic synopsis. Amer. J. Bot. 67:994-1004.
  9. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  10. Matsuoka, R. et al. 2002. A single domestication for maize shown by multilocus microsatellite genotyping. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99:6080-6084.
  11. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  12. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  13. Rojas-Barrera, I. C. et al. 2019. Contemporary evolution of maize landraces and their wild relatives influenced by gene flow with modern maize varieties. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1-10. DOI: www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1817664116
  14. Ross-Ibarra, J. et al. 2009. Historical divergence and gene flow in the genus Zea. Genetics 181:1399-1413.
  15. Sánchez González, J. J. et al. 2011. Three new teosintes (Zea spp., Poaceae) from México. Amer. J. Bot. 98:1537-1548.
  16. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/poaceae/zea-mays-mexicana/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  17. Wang, L. et al. 2008. Creation of new maize germplasm using alien introgression from Zea mays ssp. mexicana. Euphytica 164:789-801. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  18. Warburton, M. L. et al. 2011. Gene flow among different teosinte taxa and into the domesticated maize gene pool. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 58:1243-1261.
  19. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:637.

Check other web resources for Zea mays L. subsp. mexicana (Schrad.) H. H. Iltis :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=103582. Accessed 24 February 2020.