Taxon: Chrysanthemum ×morifolium Ramat.

 
Genus: Chrysanthemum
    Section: Chrysanthemum
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Asteroideae
      Tribe: Anthemideae
        Subtribe: Artemisiinae
Nomen number: 10373
Place of publication: J. Hist. Nat. 2:240, in adnot. 1792
Comments:
  • • [complex hybrid involving C. indicum and perhaps several other species]
  • • valid publication verified from original literature
  • • first choice of Ramatuelle's names of equal priority by Kitamura (1940), adopting Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.
  • Chrysanthemum now conserved sensu Dendranthema
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-May-2012
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • chrysanthemum  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • florist's chrysanthemum  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • mum  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Garten-Chrysantheme  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • crisântemo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • crisântemo-da-China  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • crisântemo-do-Japão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • monsenhor  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • krysantemum  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ju hua  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard, as Dendranthema ×grandiflorum; Pl Book, as Dendranthema ×grandiflorum)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRCMedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2, as Dendranthema ×grandiflorum)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated:

    . only cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • Fosberg, F. R. & M.-H. Sachet Flora of Micronesia, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 1975- (F Micrones)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hu, S.-Y. Compositae of China. 1970 (Comp China) 270-271.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Medicinal plants in China: a selection of 150 commonly used species. WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series no. 2. 1989 (Med Pl China)
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Kitamura, S. 1978. Dendranthema et Nipponanthemum Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 29:165.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:89.
  • Parham, J. W. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed. 1972 (F Fiji)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. 1958 (F LowYangtze)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

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