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Taxon: Chrysanthemum ×morifolium Ramat.

Genus: Chrysanthemum
Section: Chrysanthemum
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Subtribe: Artemisiinae
Nomen number: 10373
Place of publication: J. Hist. Nat. 2:240, in adnot. 1792
Link to protologue:
  • • [complex hybrid involving C. indicum and perhaps several other species]
  • • valid publication verified from original literature
  • • first choice of Ramatuelle's names of equal priority by Kitamura (1940), adopting Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.
  • Chrysanthemum now conserved sensu Dendranthema
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 44 (5 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • chrysanthemum  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • florist's chrysanthemum  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • mum  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Garten-Chrysantheme  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • crisântemo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • crisântemo-da-China  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • crisântemo-do-Japão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • monsenhor  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • krysantemum  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ju hua  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard, as Dendranthema ×grandiflorum; Pl Book, as Dendranthema ×grandiflorum)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRCMedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2, as Dendranthema ×grandiflorum)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  3. Dai, S.-L. et al. 2005. Phylogenetic relationship pf Dendranthema (DC.) Des Moul. revealed by Flourescent in situ hybridization. J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 47:783-791. Note: this study examined the origins of the complex hybrid Chrysanthemum × morifolium (as Dendranthema × grandiflorum/I>)
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage Note: = Dendranthema ×grandiflorum (Ramat.) Kitam.
  6. Fosberg, F. R. & M.-H. Sachet. 1975-. Flora of Micronesia, Smithsonian Contr. Bot.
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 Note: treats as nom. inval.; = Chrysanthemum sinense Sabine ex Sweet
  9. Hu, S.-Y. 1970. Compositae of China. 270-271.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: = Dendranthema ×grandiflorum (Ramat.) Kitam.
  11. Kitamura, S. 1978. Dendranthema et Nipponanthemum. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 29:165. Note: = Dendranthema ×grandiflorum (Ramat.) Kitam.
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  13. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:89.
  14. Parham, J. W. 1972. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed.
  15. Spaargaren, J. & G. van Geest. 2018. Chapter 14. Chrysanthemum. Handbook of plant breeding 11: Ornamentals Springer International Publishing.. 11:319-348. Note: ornamental Chrysanthemum × morifolium is a complex hybrid only known from cultivation; its origins involve interspecies hybrization of three or more species in different ploidy levels
  16. Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  17. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: mentions

Check other web resources for Chrysanthemum ×morifolium Ramat. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10373. Accessed 20 January 2020.