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Taxon: Chrysanthemum ×morifolium Ramat.

Genus: Chrysanthemum
Section: Chrysanthemum
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Subtribe: Artemisiinae
Nomen number: 10373
Place of publication: J. Hist. Nat. 2:240, in adnot. 1792
Link to protologue:
  • • [complex hybrid involving C. indicum and perhaps several other species]
  • • valid publication verified from original literature
  • • first choice of Ramatuelle's names of equal priority by Kitamura (1940), adopting Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.
  • Chrysanthemum now conserved sensu Dendranthema
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-May-2012
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 44 (5 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

  • chrysanthemum  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • florist's chrysanthemum  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • mum  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Garten-Chrysantheme  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • crisântemo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • crisântemo-da-China  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • crisântemo-do-Japão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • monsenhor  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • krysantemum  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ju hua  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard, as Dendranthema ×grandiflorum; Pl Book, as Dendranthema ×grandiflorum)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRCMedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2, as Dendranthema ×grandiflorum)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  3. Dai, S.-L. et al. 2005. Phylogenetic relationship pf Dendranthema (DC.) Des Moul. revealed by Flourescent in situ hybridization J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 47:783-791.
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage (Zander ed16)
  6. Fosberg, F. R. & M.-H. Sachet Flora of Micronesia, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. (F Micrones)
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  8. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 (Mansf Ency)
  9. Hu, S.-Y. Compositae of China. (Comp China) 270-271.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening (Dict Gard)
  11. Kitamura, S. 1978. Dendranthema et Nipponanthemum Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 29:165.
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  13. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:89.
  14. Parham, J. W. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed. (F Fiji)
  15. Spaargaren, J. & G. van Geest 2018. Chapter 14. Chrysanthemum (Handb Pl Breed Orn) 11:319-348.
  16. Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  17. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Chrysanthemum ×morifolium Ramat. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10373. Accessed 19 June 2019.