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Taxon: Chrysobalanus icaco L.

 
Genus: Chrysobalanus
Family: Chrysobalanaceae
Nomen number: 10397
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:513. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Feb-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 11 (2 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (eaten as preserves)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Zambia

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida (s.)]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Espírito Santo, Maranhão, Pará, Paraíba, Piauí, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Amapá]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Seychelles

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Singapore

    Pacific
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia [Marquesas Islands, Society Islands]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji


References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960-. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  4. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  7. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  8. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  9. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  10. Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967-. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale).
  11. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  13. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela. 1971. A flora of tropical Florida.
  14. Prance, G. T. & C. A. Sothers. 2003. Chrysobalanaceae 1, Chrysobananus to Parinari. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World. 9:5-7.
  15. Prance, G. T. 1970. The genera of Chrysobalanaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 51:525.
  16. Prance, G. T. 1972. Chrysobalanaceae. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 9:15-20.
  17. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  18. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  19. Standley, P. C. 1920. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721.
  20. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 128.
  21. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:325.

Check other web resources for Chrysobalanus icaco L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10397. Accessed 8 December 2019.