Taxon: Chrysophyllum cainito L.

 
Genus: Chrysophyllum
Family: Sapotaceae
  Subfamily: Chrysophylloideae
Nomen number: 10405
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:192. 1753
Name Verified on: 20-Nov-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-1995
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 39 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Cornucopia)
  • Human food: seeds (fide Cornucopia)
  • Materials: wood (fide Dict Econ Pl; F Cuba)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Cuba)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica; Puerto Rico

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. in tropics

    Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in tropics

References:

  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Sapotaceae. 2001 (L Sapotaceae)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Jardín Botánico Nacional Flora de la República de Cuba. 1998- (F Cuba)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2. 2000 (F PR ed2)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Parker, I. M. et al. 2010. Domestication syndrome in caimito (Chrysophyllum cainito L.): fruit and seed characteristics Econ. Bot. 64:161-175.
  • Pennington, T. D. 1990. Sapotaceae Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 52:552, 554.
  • Pennington, T. D. The genera of the Sapotaceae. 1991 (Gen Sapot)
  • Petersen, J. J. et al. 2012. Origins and close relatives of a semi-domesticated neotropical fruit tree: Chrysophyllum cainito (Sapotaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 99:585-604.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 1968 (Dict Econ Pl)
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:115.
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)

Check other web resources for Chrysophyllum cainito L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image