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Taxon: Carduus nutans L.

 
Genus: Carduus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 104109
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:821. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 29-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • musk thistle  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • nodding thistle  (Source: Can J Pl Sci) - English
  • nodding thistle   - English (Canada)
  • chardon penché  (Source: Can J Pl Sci) - French
  • chardon penché   - French (Canada)
  • cardo-pendente  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • nicktistel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran (n.w.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha (s.), Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Chita, Irkutsk (s.), Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tyumen]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (n.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Adventive

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Latvia


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Eastern Cape]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Poland

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 268.
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  5. Desrochers, A. M. et al. 1988. A biosystematic study of the Carduus nutans complex in Canada. Canad. J. Bot. 66:1621-1631.
  6. Desrochers, A. M. et al. 1988. The biology of Canadian weeds. 89. Carduus nutans L. and Carduus acanthoides L.. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 68:1053-1068.
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  11. Grubov, V. I. 2001. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  13. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  14. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  15. Kazmi, S. M. A. 1964. Revision der Gattung Carduus (Compositae). Teil I. Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 5:279-550.
  16. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  17. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  18. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  19. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  20. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  21. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  22. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  23. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  25. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/muskthistle.shtml target='_blank'
  26. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  28. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Carduus nutans L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=104109. Accessed 22 August 2019.