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Taxon: Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All.

 
Genus: Chamaemelum
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Subtribe: Santolininae
Nomen number: 104133
Place of publication: Fl. pedem. 1:185. 1785
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 02-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • chamomile  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • common chamomile  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • corn chamomile  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • English chamomile  (Source: Ency CNatIn) - English
  • garden chamomile  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • noble chamomile  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Roman chamomile  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Russian chamomile  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • sweet chamomile  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • camomille romaine  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • römische Kamille  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • camomila de jardín  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • manzanilla fina  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • manzanilla romana  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • romersk kamomill  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: lawn/turf (for lawns)
  • Food additives:
  • Human food:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Adventive

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Slovakia, Switzerland


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Madeira Islands]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Tasmania, South Australia (s.e.), Victoria]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Italy, Serbia

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, New Jersey, New York, Ohio]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Bremer, K. & C. J. Humphries. 1993. Generic monograph of the Asteraceae-Anthemideae. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. London, Bot. 23(2):130.
  5. Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2. Note: = Anthemis nobilis L.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  12. Hess, H. E. et al. 1976. Flora der Schweiz, ed. 2. Note: = Ormenis nobilis (L.) Gay.
  13. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  14. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  16. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. Note: = Ormenis nobilis (L.) Gay
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  18. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  19. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  20. Lewis, W. H. 1992. Allergic potential of commercial chamomile, Chamaemelum nobile (Asteraceae). Econ. Bot. 46:426-430. Note: reports potential risk of allergic reaction among atopic asteraceous users
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  22. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  29. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.

Check other web resources for Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=104133. Accessed 16 July 2019.