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Taxon: Onopordum acanthium L.

 
Genus: Onopordum
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 104466
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:827. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 18-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 18-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental:
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang (n.)]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Jammu and Kashmir] Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Adventive

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Krasnoyarsk (s.), Kurgan, Omsk]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Tasmania, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Poland
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Kentucky, Maryland, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  3. Burbidge, N. T. & M. Gray Flora of the Australian Capital Territory. (F AustCapT)
  4. Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  11. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  12. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  13. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  14. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  16. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  17. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  20. Parsa, A. Flore de l'Iran. (F IranPars)
  21. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  22. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  23. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  24. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  25. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  26. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  27. Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. (F GB Ire)
  28. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  29. Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  30. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  32. USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Onopordum acanthium L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=104466. Accessed 18 October 2018.