Taxon: Onopordum acanthium L.

 
Genus: Onopordum
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 104466
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:827. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 18-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 18-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Econ Pl Aust)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Econ Pl Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China Xinjiang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Iraq ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India Jammu and Kashmir; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Moldova ; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Siberia: Russian Federation Krasnoyarsk, Kurgan, Omsk
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia Tasmania, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Belgium ; Poland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Kentucky, Maryland, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada British Columbia
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Uruguay

  • Cultivated


    Adventive

  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Burbidge, N. T. & M. Gray Flora of the Australian Capital Territory. (F AustCapT)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  • Parsa, A. Flore de l'Iran. 1943-1952 (F IranPars)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. 1996- (F GB Ire)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Onopordum acanthium L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image