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Taxon: Onopordum acanthium L.

 
Genus: Onopordum
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 104466
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:827. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 18-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental:
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (n.)]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Jammu and Kashmir] Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Adventive

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Krasnoyarsk (s.), Kurgan, Omsk]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Tasmania, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Poland
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Kentucky, Maryland, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Burbidge, N. T. & M. Gray. 1970. Flora of the Australian Capital Territory.
  4. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  11. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  12. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  14. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  16. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  17. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  20. Parsa, A. 1943-1952. Flore de l'Iran.
  21. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  22. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  23. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  24. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  25. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  26. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  27. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  28. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  29. Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir
  30. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  32. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/scotchthistle.shtml target='_blank'
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Onopordum acanthium L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=104466. Accessed 17 July 2019.