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Taxon: Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav. subsp. sativa (Mill.) Thell.

 
Genus: Eruca
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 104951
Place of publication: G. Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt._Eur. 4(1):201. 1918
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-Apr-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 259 (239 active, 236 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (as Eruca sativa)
  • Food additives:
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Genet Res Charact Ut 5:143. 2007, as pungent or non-pungent vegetable for salads)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad (n.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy, [Sicilia, Sardegna] Romania (s.), Serbia (e.)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s. & Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated



    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Mauritania, Niger

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n. & c.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • Europe (s.)

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Honshu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway (s.), Sweden (s.)
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Germany, Hungary, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (w.)] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Loja]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya. Note: = Eruca sativa Mill.
  2. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: = Eruca sativa Mill.
  3. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  4. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  5. Girija, T. & Tabish. Flowers of India (on-line resource).
  6. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist. Note: = Eruca sativa Mill.
  7. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  8. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. Note: = Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav.
  9. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  10. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75 Note: = Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav.
  11. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  12. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2 Note: = Eruca sativa Mill.
  13. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan. Note: = Eruca sativa Mill.
  14. Pignone, D. & C. Gómez-Campo. 2011. Chapter 8. Eruca. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, oilseeds 145-160.
  15. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: = Eruca sativa Mill.
  16. Rollins, R. C. & I. A. Al-Shehbaz. 1986. Weeds of south-west Asia in North America with special reference to the Cruciferae. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 89B:294.
  17. Rollins, R. C. 1993. The Cruciferae of continental North America
  18. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  19. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  20. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258.
  21. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2007. Genetic variation in Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav.. Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 5:142-153.
  22. Warwick, S. I. 1995. New taxonomic views within Eruca and Diplotaxis genera in the light of hybridization and molecular findings. In S. Padulosi, ed., Rocket Genetic Resources Network. Report of the first meeting, Lisbon, Portugal. Rocket Genet. Res. Netw. 22-35.
  23. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  24. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav. subsp. sativa (Mill.) Thell. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=104951. Accessed 18 November 2019.