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Taxon: Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav. subsp. sativa (Mill.) Thell.

 
Genus: Eruca
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 104951
Place of publication: G. Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt._Eur. 4(1):201. 1918
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-Apr-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Apr-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 259 (239 active, 236 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (as E. sativa)
  • Food additives:
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Genet Res Charact Ut 5:143. 2007, as pungent or non-pungent vegetable for salads)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide F Iran, as E. sativa; Cruc NAmer)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad (n.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Gansu, Guangdong, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy, [Sardinia, Sicily] Romania (s.), Serbia (e.)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s. & Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated



    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Mauritania, Niger

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n. & c.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • Europe (s.)

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Honshu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway (s.), Sweden (s.)
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Germany, Hungary, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (w.)] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Loja]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  4. Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  5. FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape (Euphytica) 158:209-230.
  6. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  7. Girija, T. & Tabish Flowers of India (on-line resource). (Flow India)
  8. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  9. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  10. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  11. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  12. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  13. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  15. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  16. Pignone, D. & C. Gómez-Campo 2011. Chapter 8. Eruca (Wild Crop Rel Oils) 145-160.
  17. Qiong, H. et al. 2009. Chapter 13. Introgression of genes from wild crucifers (Biol Breed Crucifer) 261-308.
  18. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  19. Rollins, R. C. The Cruciferae of continental North America. 1993 (Cruc NAmer)
  20. Rollins, R. C. & I. A. Al-Shehbaz 1986. Weeds of south-west Asia in North America with special reference to the Cruciferae Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 89B:294.
  21. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  23. van Treuren, R. et al. 2012. Genetic resources collections of leafy vegetables (lettuce, spinach, chicory, artichoke, asparagus, lamb's lettuce, rhubarb and rocket salad): composition and gaps Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:981-997.
  24. Warwick, S. I. 1995. New taxonomic views within Eruca and Diplotaxis genera in the light of hybridization and molecular findings. In S. Padulosi, ed., Rocket Genetic Resources Network. Report of the first meeting, Lisbon, Portugal Rocket Genet. Res. Netw. 22-35.
  25. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258.
  26. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2007. Genetic variation in Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav. Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 5:142-153.
  27. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data (Guide Germ Brassica) 1-91.
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav. subsp. sativa (Mill.) Thell. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=104951. Accessed 16 November 2018.