Taxon: Simmondsia chinensis (Link) C. K. Schneid.

 
Genus: Simmondsia
Family: Simmondsiaceae
Nomen number: 105075
Place of publication: Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2:141. 1907
Name Verified on: 09-Sep-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arid Land Plant Genetic Resources Unit (PARL)
Accessions: 512 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Edible Nuts)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide PROTA4U)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of jojoba (based on selection from wild plants fide Genet Res Crop Evol 57:774. 2010)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_13.html,)
  • Materials: lipids (fide Ency CNatIn, for cosmetics)
  • Materials: wax (fide PROTA4U)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, - Sonora
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California

  • Cultivated:

    • : Mexico; United States
  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Israel
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico; United States
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile
    • Western South America: Peru

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Ince, A. G. et al. 2010. A reliable gender diagnostic PCR assay for jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis (LInk) Schneider) Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 57:773-779.
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles Arizona flora, ed. 2. 1969 (F Ariz)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. 1959 (F CalifMunz)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Rebman, J. P. 1995. Simmondsiaceae. Jojoba family J. Arizona-Nevada Acad. Sci. 29:63-65.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  • Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins Vegetation and flora of the Sonoran desert. 1964 (F SonorDes)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Standley, P. C. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721. 1920 (TreesS Mex)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wiggins, I. L. Flora of Baja California. 1980 (F Baja)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Simmondsia chinensis (Link) C. K. Schneid. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image