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Taxon: Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.

Genus: Vigna
Subgenus: Vigna
Section: Vigna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Subtribe: Phaseolinae
Nomen number: 105107
Place of publication: Kew Bull. 35:474. 1981
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 20-Mar-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-May-2000
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 187 (104 active, 37 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)


Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: pulse; vegetable; vegetable

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad (possibly indigenous), Sudan (s.)
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon (indigenous), Central African Republic (possibly indigenous)
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Nigeria (n. (indigenous))

    Cultivated (cult. throughout semi-arid Africa)


  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. African plant database. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques Ville de Geneve. (African Pl Database)
  3. Ajibade, S. R. et al. 2000. Inter simple sequence repeat analysis of genetic relationships in the genus Vigna (Euphytica) 111:47-55.
  4. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  5. Basu, S. et al. 2007. Chapter 10. Bambara groundnut (Genome Map Mol Breed) 159-173.
  6. Basu, S. et al. 2004. The genetics of bambara groundnut and the construction of a genetic linkage map (Proc 4th I Crop Sc) 7 pp.
  7. Boudet, G. et al. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. 1986 (L Mali)
  8. Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames. 1984 (F Togo)
  9. Chankaew, S. et al. 2011. Genetic diversity of the Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) as assessed by SSR markers (Genome) 54:889-910.
  10. Fatokun, C. A. et al. 1993. Molecular taxonomic relationships in the genus Vigna based on RFLP analysis Theor. Appl. Genet. 86:97-104.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. (Leg ErWild)
  13. Heller, J. et al., eds. 1997. Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) (Prom Underused Crops) 9:1-173.
  14. Hillocks, R. J. et al. 2012. Bambara nut: A review of utilisation, market potential and crop improvement African Crop Sci. J. 20:1-16.
  15. International Legume Database & Information Service International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource). (ILDIS)
  16. Lackey, J. A. 1981. Tribe 10. Phaseoleae DC. (Adv Leg Syst) 1:324.
  17. Maesen, L. J. G. van der & Sadikin Somaatmadja, eds. 1989. Pulses (Pl Res SEAs) 1:74.
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  19. National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  20. Olukolu, B. A. et al. 2012. Genetic diversity in Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) as revealed by phenotypic descriptors and DArT marker analysis Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 53:347-358.
  21. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  23. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  24. Thulin, M. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223. 1983 (Leg Ethiop)
  25. van Wyck, B. E. 2012. Review of Fabaceae Southern Africa data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.)
  26. ZADI - German Centre for Documentation and Information in Agriculture International Bambara Groundnut Information System (on-line resource). (BAMNET)

Check other web resources for Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. :

  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=105107. Accessed 22 April 2019.