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Taxon: Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.

Genus: Vigna
Subgenus: Vigna
Section: Vigna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Subtribe: Phaseolinae
Nomen number: 105107
Place of publication: Kew Bull. 35:474. 1981
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 20-Mar-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 187 (104 active, 35 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: pulse; vegetable; vegetable

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad (possibly indigenous), Sudan (s.)
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon (indigenous), Central African Republic (possibly indigenous)
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Nigeria (n. (indigenous))

    Cultivated (cult. throughout semi-arid Africa)


  1. Ajibade, S. R. et al. 2000. Inter simple sequence repeat analysis of genetic relationships in the genus Vigna. Euphytica 111:47-55. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Basu, S. et al. 2004. The genetics of bambara groundnut and the construction of a genetic linkage map. Proceedings of the 4th International Crop Science Congress. New directions for a diverse planet. Brisbane, Australia. 7 pp.
  4. Basu, S. et al. 2007. Chapter 10. Bambara groundnut. Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 159-173.
  5. Boudet, G. et al. 1986. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali
  6. Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. 1984. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames
  7. Chankaew, S. et al. 2011. Genetic diversity of the Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) as assessed by SSR markers. Genome 54:889-910.
  8. Fatokun, C. A. et al. 1993. Molecular taxonomic relationships in the genus Vigna based on RFLP analysis. Theor. Appl. Genet. 86:97-104.
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Vigna+subterranea&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. Note: = Voandzeia
  11. Heller, J. et al., eds. 1997. Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.). Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 9:1-173.
  12. Hillocks, R. J. et al. 2012. Bambara nut: A review of utilisation, market potential and crop improvement. African Crop Sci. J. 20:1-16.
  13. International Legume Database & Information Service. International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource).
  14. Lackey, J. A. 1981. Tribe 10. Phaseoleae DC.. Advances in legume systematics. 1:324. Note: places Voandzeia Thouars as synonym of Vigna Savi
  15. Maesen, L. J. G. van der & Sadikin Somaatmadja, eds. 1989. Pulses. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 1:74.
  16. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  17. National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future Note: = Voandzeia
  18. Olukolu, B. A. et al. 2012. Genetic diversity in Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) as revealed by phenotypic descriptors and DArT marker analysis. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 53:347-358.
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  21. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  22. Thulin, M. 1983. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223.
  23. van Wyck, B. E. 2012. Review of Fabaceae Southern Africa data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm.
  24. ZADI - German Centre for Documentation and Information in Agriculture. International Bambara Groundnut Information System (on-line resource).
  25. African plant database. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques Ville de Geneve. Note: with two varieties: subterranea and spontanea
  26. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. :

  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=105107. Accessed 17 July 2019.