Taxon: Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.

Genus: Vigna
  Subgenus: Vigna
    Section: Vigna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Phaseoleae
        Subtribe: Phaseolinae
Nomen number: 105107
Place of publication: Kew Bull. 35:474. 1981
Name Verified on: 20-Mar-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-May-2000
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 104 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: pulse (fide Pl Res SEAs 1:74. 1989)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Pl Res SEAs 1:74. 1989)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Sudan
    • West Tropical Africa: Nigeria
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic

  • Cultivated:

    . cult. throughout semi-arid Africa


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Ajibade, S. R. et al. 2000. Inter simple sequence repeat analysis of genetic relationships in the genus Vigna (Euphytica) 111:47-55.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Basu, S. et al. 2007. Chapter 10. Bambara groundnut (Genome Map Mol Breed) 159-173.
  • Basu, S. et al. 2004. The genetics of bambara groundnut and the construction of a genetic linkage map (Proc 4th I Crop Sc) 7 pp.
  • Boudet, G. et al. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. 1986 (L Mali)
  • Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames. 1984 (F Togo)
  • Chankaew, S. et al. 2011. Genetic diversity of the Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) as assessed by SSR markers (Genome) 54:889-910.
  • Fatokun, C. A. et al. 1993. Molecular taxonomic relationships in the genus Vigna based on RFLP analysis Theor. Appl. Genet. 86:97-104.
  • Fatokun, C. A. et al. 1993. Molecular taxonomic relationships in the genus Vigna based on RFLP analysis Theor. Appl. Genet. 86:97-104.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. 1941 (Leg ErWild)
  • Heller, J. et al., eds. 1997. Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) (Prom Underused Crops) 9:1-173.
  • International Legume Database & Information Service International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource). (ILDIS)
  • Lackey, J. A. 1981. Tribe 10. Phaseoleae DC. (Adv Leg Syst) 1:324.
  • Maesen, L. J. G. van der & Sadikin Somaatmadja, eds. 1989. Pulses (Pl Res SEAs) 1:74.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  • Olukolu, B. A. et al. 2012. Genetic diversity in Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) as revealed by phenotypic descriptors and DArT marker analysis Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 53:347-358.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Thulin, M. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223. 1983 (Leg Ethiop)
  • van Wyck, B. E. 2012. Review of Fabaceae Southern Africa data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.)
  • ZADI - German Centre for Documentation and Information in Agriculture International Bambara Groundnut Information System (on-line resource). (BAMNET)


Check other web resources for Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. :

  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image