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Taxon: Alkanna tinctoria Tausch

 
Genus: Alkanna
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Tribe: Lithospermeae
Nomen number: 105290
Place of publication: Flora 7:234. 1824
Link to protologue:
Comment: the nomenclatural situation outlined in Taxon 45:567. 1996 (also Taxon 48:84. 1999) somewhat parallels that of this name, which is now the basis for Shenzhen ICN Art. 11, Note 2, Ex. 18
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (roots are source of a red tannin/dyestuff fide Dye Pl; Pulmonaria 190.)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbal Drugs; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey (w.)

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Hungary, Slovakia
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • Africa (n.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Hungary


References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  2. Bennett, M. 2003. Pulmonarias and the Borage family 190.
  3. Bisset, N. G., ed. 1994. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. Note: translation of German edition by M. Wichtl, ed.
  4. Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist. Note: = Alkanna lehmanii (Tineo) A. DC.
  5. Cannon, J. & M. Cannon. 1994. Dye plants and dyeing The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: lists as Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Tausch
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. Fennane, M. et al., eds. 1999-. Flore pratique du Maroc.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Alkanna+tinctoria&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  13. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 2000. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code) Art. 11, Note 1, Ex. 14.
  14. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 Note: = Alkanna tuberculata (Forssk.) Meikle
  15. Hepper, F. N. & I. Friis. 1994. The plants of Pehr Forsskal's Flora Aegyptiaco-Arabica. Note: = Alkanna lehmanii (Tineo) A. DC.
  16. Johnston, I. M. 1953. Studies in the Boraginaceae, XXV. A revaluation of some genera of the Lithospermeae. J. Arnold Arbor. 34:281.
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus. Note: = Alkanna lehmanii (Tineo) A. DC.
  19. Meikle, R. D. 1980. Alkanna tinctoria: a nomenclatural tangle. Kew Bull. 34:823. Note: = Alkanna tuberculata (Forssk.) Meikle
  20. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  21. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia. Note: lists as Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Tausch
  22. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  23. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  24. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: lists as Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Tausch
  26. Valdés, B. 2011. Notas sobre Boraginaceae. Lagascalia 31:54-56.
  27. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  28. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Alkanna tinctoria Tausch :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=105290. Accessed 18 November 2019.