Taxon: Barbarea verna (Mill.) Asch.

 
Genus: Barbarea
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Cardamineae
Nomen number: 105428
Place of publication: Fl. Brandenburg 1(1):36. 1860
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 28-Jan-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-May-2006
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide L Edible Pl; Food Feed Crops US)
  • Weed: (fide Econ Pl Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia ; Italy ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain Canary Islands
    • Southern Africa: South Africa Western Cape
    • Western Indian Ocean: Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan Honshu
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia Tasmania, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Germany ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Ireland ; United Kingdom
  • Northern America

    • Mexico
    • Eastern Canada: Canada Newfoundland
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Missouri
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States California
    • Subarctic America: United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada British Columbia
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Haiti
    • Southern South America: Argentina Rio Negro, Santa Cruz; Chile

  • Cultivated

  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Belgium
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom England
    • Southwestern Europe: France

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bailey, L. H. Manual of cultivated plants, revised ed. 1949 (Bailey)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur) 4(1):170.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. 1981- (F Hispan)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. Flora of Madeira. (F Madeira)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Barbarea verna (Mill.) Asch. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image