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Taxon: Cicuta maculata L.

 
Genus: Cicuta
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribe: Oenantheae
Nomen number: 10545
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:256. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 31-Jan-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 3 (3 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • musquashroot  (Source: F Canada) - English
  • spotted cowbane  (Source: F Canada) - English
  • spotted water-hemlock  (Source: Names Beetle) - English
  • water-hemlock  (Source: F Utah ed2) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory (s.w.), Yukon Territory] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Quebec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Tabasco, Veracruz]


References:

  1. Allred, Kelly W. Flora Neomexicana I: The vascular plants of New Mexico, an annotated checklist to the names of vascular plants with synonymy and bibliography. (L New Mex)
  2. Beetle, A. A. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31. 1970 (Names Beetle)
  3. Cody, W. J. Flora of the Yukon Territory. (F Yukon)
  4. CONABIO Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad en Mexico. Sistema Integrado de Información Taxonómica (SIIT) (on-line resource). (CONABIO)
  5. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Aquatic and wetland plants of southwestern United States, 2 vol. 1975 (Aquat SW US)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  8. Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol. (Aquat SE US)
  9. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  10. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  11. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  12. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  13. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  14. Mathias, M. E. & L. Constance 1944. Umbelliferae (N Amer fl) 28B:156.
  15. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  16. Moss, E. H. & J. G. Packer Flora of Alberta, ed. 2. (F Alberta)
  17. Mulligan, G. A. 1980. The genus Cicuta in North America Canad. J. Bot. 58:1760, 1765.
  18. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  19. Porsild, A. E. & W. J. Cody Vascular plants of continental Northwest Territories, Canada. 1980 (F NW Terr)
  20. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  21. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  22. Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9. (F Utah)
  23. Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. (F Utah ed2)
  24. Whitson, T. D. et al., eds. Weeds of the West, ed. 5. 1999 (Weeds West)

Check other web resources for Cicuta maculata L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10545. Accessed 19 December 2018.