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Taxon: Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby

Genus: Sida
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Malveae
Nomen number: 105689
Place of publication: Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5:223. 1894
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 29-Dec-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • river-mallow  (Source: Sida) - English
  • Virginia-mallow  (Source: Websters Dict) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: potential for pollution control (as heavy metal accumulator fide http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume5/issue1/environment/art-01.html,)
  • Fuels:
  • Materials: potential as fiber (for paper production fide http://www.vcru.wisc.edu/spoonerlab/pdf/Observations%20on%20the%20Distribution%20and%20Ecology%20of%20Sida%20Hermaphrodita.pdf,)

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana (n.e.), Michigan (s. (extirpated?)), Ohio (s. & n.w.), Pennsylvania (s.), West Virginia (w.)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Kentucky (n.e.), Maryland, Tennessee (e. (extirpated?)), Virginia (n.), District of Columbia]


    Northern America
    • United States (formerly adventive in n.e.)


  1. Antonkiewicz, A. & C. Jasiewicz. 2002. The use of plants accumulating heavy metals for detoxication of chemically polluted soils. Electronic J. Polish Agric. Univ. 5: no. 1. Note: re. environmental use of pollution control
  2. Chester, E. W. et al. 1993-1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants.
  3. Denisiuk, W. 2005. Moźliwości wykorzystania Ślazowca pensylawańskiego W energetyce. 1-9. Note: re. potential as biomass for energy production
  4. Jones, R. L. 2005. Plant life of Kentucky: an illustrated guide to the vascular flora.
  5. Spooner, D. M. et al. 1985. Observations on the distribution and ecology of Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby (Malvaceae). Sida 11:215-225.
  6. Spooner, D. M. et al. 1985. Observations on the distribution and ecology of Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby (Malvaceae). Sida 11:215-225. URL: http://www.vcru.wisc.edu/spoonerlab/pdf/Observations%20on%20the%20Distribution%20and%20Ecology%20of%20Sida%20Hermaphrodita.pdf target='_blank'
  7. Thomas, L. K., Jr. 1979. Distribution and ecology of Sida hermaphrodita, a rare plant species. Bartonia 46:51-59.
  8. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=105689. Accessed 15 July 2019.