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Taxon: Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad.

 
Genus: Citrullus
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Tribe: Benincaseae
Nomen number: 10674
Place of publication: Linnaea 12:414. 1838
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 10-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Nov-1999
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 43 (22 active, 40 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide New Crops Food Ind 147. 1989; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Econ bot 53:102. 1999)
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Yemen [Socotra]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey (s.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh] Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy [Sicily]
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain


    Cultivated (widely cult. in s.w. Asia and n. Africa)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  3. Chomicki, G. & S. S. Renner 2015. Watermelon origin solved with molecular phylogenetics including Linnaean material: another example of museonomics New Phytol. 205:526-532.
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  5. Dane, F. & P. Lang 2004. Sequence variation at cpDNA regions of watermelon and related wild species: implications for the evolution of Citrullus haplotypes Amer. J. Bot. 91:1922-1929.
  6. Dane, F. et al. 2007. Phylogeography of the bitter apple, Citrullus colocynthis Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:327-336.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Decker-Walters, D. S. 1999. Cucurbit, Sanskrit, and the Indo-Aryas Econ. Bot. 53:102.
  9. Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  14. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  15. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  16. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  17. Kirkbride, J. H., Jr. Biosystematic monograph of the genus Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae). 1993 (Monog Cucumis)
  18. Levi, A. et al. 2002. A genetic linkage map for watermelon derived from a testcross population: (Citrullus lanatus var. citroides × C. lanatus var. lanatus Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:555-563.
  19. Levi, A. et al. 2001. Genetic diversity among watermelon (Citrullus lanatus and Citrullus colocynthis) accessions Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 48:559-566.
  20. Levi, A. et al. 2005. Analysis based on RAPD and ISSR markers reveals closer similarities among Citrullus and Cucumis species than with Praecitrullus fistulosus (Stocks) Pangalo Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 52:465-472.
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  22. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  23. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  24. Navot, N. et al. 1990. Linkage relationships of genes affecting bitterness and flesh color in watermelon J. Heredity 81:162-165.
  25. Nesom, G. L. 2011. New state records for Citrullus, Cucumis, and Cucurbita (Cucurbitaceae) outside of cultivation in the USA (Phytoneuron) 2011-1:1-7.
  26. Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. (Ill L Qatar)
  27. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  28. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  30. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  31. Reddy, U. K. et al. 2013. Cytomolecular characterization of rDNA distribution in various Citrullus species using fluorescent in situ hybridization Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:2091-2100.
  32. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  33. Renner, S. S. & A. K. Pandey 2013. The Cucurbitaceae of India: accepted names, synonyms, geographic distribution, and information on images and DNA sequences (PhytoKeys) 20:62.
  34. The Hebew University of Jerusalem Flora of Israel Online (on-line resource). (F Israel Online)
  35. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  36. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  37. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  38. Wickens, G. E. et al., eds. New crops for food and industry. 1989 (New Crops Food Ind) 147.
  39. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  40. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. :

  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10674. Accessed 14 November 2018.