Taxon: Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai

 
Genus: Citrullus
Family: Cucurbitaceae
      Tribe: Benincaseae
Nomen number: 10675
Place of publication: Cat. sem. spor. hort. bot. Univ. Imp. Tokyo 30, no. 854. 1916 (l.c. 38. 1920), nom. cons. prop.
Comment: the basionym Momordica lanata Thunb. was proposed for conservation (nom. cons. prop.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9) and against the heterotypic synonym (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4) Citrullus battich Forssk., nom. rej. prop.
Name Verified on: 25-Aug-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Aug-2015
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 1672 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Borlaug et al. 2008)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of watermelon (fide Ann Bot 116:145. 2015)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al., as Citrullus vulgaris)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Noxweed Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Uncertain:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Egypt; Libya

  • Other:

  • Africa

    • : Africa

  • Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Egypt

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Borlaug, N. et al., eds. 2008. Fruits: Watermelon (Lost Crops Afr) 3:165-181.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 1985-2004 (Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Chomicki, G. & S. S. Renner 2015. Watermelon origin solved with molecular phylogenetics including Linnaean material: another example of museonomics New Phytol. 205:526-532.
  • Dane, F. & J. Liu 2007. Diversity and origin of cultivated and citron type watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1255-1265.
  • Decker-Walters, D. S. 1999. Cucurbit, Sanskrit, and the Indo-Aryas Econ. Bot. 53:106.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • King, S. R. et al. 2010. Genetics, breeding and selection of rootstocks for Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae Sci. Hort. 127:106-111.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Meeuse, A. D. J. 1962. The Cucurbitaceae of southern Africa (Bothalia) 8:57.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:90.
  • Paris, H. S. 2015. Origin and emergence of the sweet dessert watermelon, Citrullus lanatus Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 116:133-148.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Renner, S. S. et al. 2014. (2313) Proposal to conserve the name Momordica lanata (Citrullus lanatus) (watermelon, Cucurbitaceae), with a conserved type, against Citrullus battich (Taxon) 63:941-942.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:144.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai :

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image