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Taxon: Citrus ×limonia Osbeck

Synonym of Citrus ×limon (L.) Osbeck

Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10733
Place of publication: Reise Ostindien 250. 1765
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/51514126
  • • [a hybrid of Citrus reticulata × C. medica]
  • • Osbeck's Dagb. Ostind. resa (1757) provided a Latin description but no name for the taxon that was identified as "C. limonia" in the 1765 German translation (Resie Ostindien). In the preface of the German translation, Osbeck stated that he had used Linnaeus' names from Sp. pl., where "Malus Limonia acida" appeared as a synonym of C. medica var. limon L. Although Osbeck makes no reference to the Linnaean basionym, nor did he adopt the spelling of the Linnaean epithet, it is clear that he was following Linnaeus, and therefore it is possible to apply Shenzhen ICN Art. 41.4 and Art. 60.1., with "limonia" treated as a typographical error.
Name Verified on: 21-Feb-2018 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


  1. Andrade, R. A. de et al. 2007. Detecção de polimorfismo em porta-enxertos para citros. Revista Brasil. Frutic. 29:345-349. Note: this study used AFLP to verify if used graft stocks, including Citrus limonia, were derived from zygotic embryos
  2. Cantuarias-Avilés, T. et al. 2010. Tree performance and fruit yield and quality of 'Okitsu' Satsuma mandarin grafted on 12 rootstocks. Sci. Hort. 123:318-322.
  3. Carpenter, J. B. & P. C. Reece. 1969. Catalog of genera, species, and subordinate taxa in the orange subfamily Aurantioideae (Rutaceae).
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  6. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  7. Curk, F. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic origin of limes and lemons revealed by cytoplasmic and nuclear markers. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 117:565–583.
  8. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications. Note: lists as Citrus ×limonia Osbeck
  9. Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny. Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  10. Gmitter, F. G. et al. 2009. Citrus breeding. Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species 105-134. Note: as "Citrus × limonia"
  11. Grosser, J. W. et al. 2000. Somatic hybridization in Citrus: an effective tool to facilitate variety improvement. In Vitro Cell. Developmental Biol., Plant 36:434-449. Note: this review cited hybrids involving Citrus limonia with cultivars of C. sinensis
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  14. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: lists as Citrus ×limonia Osbeck
  16. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7:169. Note: treats Osbeck's name as the combination Citrus ×limon (L.) Osbeck
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  20. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  21. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense. Note: = Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
  22. Spiegel-Roy, P. & E. E. Goldschmidt. 1996. Biology of Citrus. Cambridge Univ. Press Note: appears in Chapter 6
  23. Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. Note: = Citrus limon × C. reticulata?
  24. Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. Revisio Aurantiacearum. 9:114. Note: Maruzen Co. Ltd, Tokyo.
  25. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq. Note: mentions
  26. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  27. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: treats Osbeck's name as the combination Citrus ×limon (L.) Osbeck

Check other web resources for Citrus ×limonia Osbeck :

  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10733. Accessed 12 July 2020.