Taxon: Clitoria ternatea L.

 
Genus: Clitoria
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Phaseoleae
        Subtribe: Clitoriinae
Nomen number: 10942
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:753. 1753
Name Verified on: 08-Oct-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 28 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Animal food: potential as fodder (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:94. 1992)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Djibouti; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Gabon; Sao Tome and Principe; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • China: China - Zhejiang, - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Yunnan, - Guangxi, - Hainan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Iran; Iraq
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; India - Andaman and Nicobar; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Christmas Island; Indonesia, - Java, - Sumatra; Malaysia, - Sabah; Philippines; Singapore
    • Papuasia: Indonesia - Irian Jaya; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Missouri
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Colima, - Jalisco, - Oaxaca, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia - Society Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Samoa
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador, - Galapagos Islands; Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames. 1984 (F Togo)
  • Burkart, A. E. Las leguminosas Argentinas - silvestres y cultivadas, ed. 2. 1952 (Leg Argent)
  • CalFlora Database Project CalFlora: a botanical resource for California on the internet (on-line resource). (CalFlora)
  • Du Puy, D. J. et al. The Leguminosae of Madagascar (Leg Madag)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Fantz, P. R. 1993. Revising the classification of cultivated Centrosema and Clitoria in the United States (HortScience) 28:676.
  • Fantz, P. R. 1989. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hacker, J. B. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland. 1990 (Leg Queensl)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. 1987 (Leg Taiwan)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Legume Database & Information Service International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource). (ILDIS)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Lewis, G. P. Legumes of Bahia. 1987 (Leg Bahia)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  • Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  • Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson Legumes of West Asia: a checklist. 1991 (Leg WAsia)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 1983 (F TamilC)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of Mesoamerica Checklist (on-line resource). (L Mesoamer)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. Flora of Suriname. 1932- (F Suriname)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:94.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. 1979 (Leg New Guinea)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Clitoria ternatea L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image