Taxon: Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt

Genus: Coccinia
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Tribe: Benincaseae
Nomen number: 10974
Place of publication: Hort. suburb. Calcutt. 59. 1845
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Aug-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Aug-2015
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (leaves fide Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Human food: vegetable (leaves fide Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Animal food: forage (grazed by all stock fide Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Hamdard 38:98. 1995; Econ Bot 53:108. 1999)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide State Noxweed Seed)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad ; Djibouti ; Eritrea ; Ethiopia ; Somalia ; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin ; Mali ; Mauritania ; Niger ; Nigeria ; Senegal
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon ; Central African Republic ; Zaire
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • China: China Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh ; India Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; Nepal ; Pakistan ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia ; Laos ; Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Maldives
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia
  • Northern America

    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Florida
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam ; U.S. Outlying Islands Wake Island
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Barbados ; Cuba ; Puerto Rico
    • Central America: Nicaragua
    • Northern South America: French Guiana ; Guyana ; Suriname

  • Cultivated


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. (F CambLVN)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cameroun. (F Cameroun)
  • Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. (F Senegal)
  • Boudet, G. et al. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. 1986 (L Mali)
  • Burkill, H. M. 1985. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. (Use Pl WT Afr) 1:575.
  • Chakravarty, H. L. 1982. Cucurbitaceae (Fasc F India) 11:24-26.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  • Decker-Walters, D. S. 1999. Cucurbit, Sanskrit, and the Indo-Aryas Econ. Bot. 53:108.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  • Hamid, S. et al. 1995. Medicinal plants of family Cucurbitaceae of Pakistan (part II) (Hamdard) 38:98.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Holstein, N. 2015. Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) (PhytoKeys) 54:78.
  • Holstein, N. & S. S. Renner 2011. Coccinia intermedia – a new Cucurbitaceae species from West Africa (PhytoKeys) 7:27-36.
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale). (F Afr Centr)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Peter, K. V. et al. 1998. Improvement and cultivation: bitter gourd, snake gourd, pointed gourd, and ivy gourd. In: N. M. Nayar & T. A. More (eds.), Cucurbits 194.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:150.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. (F Thailand)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)


Check other web resources for Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.