Taxon: Cocos nucifera L.

 
Genus: Cocos
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Cocoseae
Subtribe: Attaleinae
Nomen number: 11043
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1188. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 21-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 18 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: emulsifier ()
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed14; Eur Gard F)
  • Human food: beverage base ()
  • Human food: nut ()
  • Human food: oil/fat ()
  • Animal food: fodder (from refuse of coconut oil extraction fide Pl Book)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_100.html,)
  • Materials: essential oils ()
  • Materials: fiber ()
  • Materials: wood ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Irian Jaya] Papua New Guinea
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Moluccas] Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland]

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Vanuatu


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Guam, Marshall Islands, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize


References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  5. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  8. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Glassman, S. F. 1972. A revision of B. E. Dahlgren's Index of American palms Phanerog. Monogr. 6:1-294.
  12. Glassman, S. F. 1987. Revisions of the palm genus Syagrus Mart. and other selected genera in the Cocos alliance Illinois Biol. Monogr. 56:118.
  13. Govaerts, R. & J. Dransfield World checklist of palms. 2005 (L Palms)
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  15. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  16. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  18. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  19. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  22. Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms (Principes) 7:139.
  23. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  25. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  26. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  27. Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  28. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  29. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  30. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  31. Watson, J. F. Index to the native and scientific names of Indian and other eastern economic plants and products. 1868 (Names Watson)
  32. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:90.

Check other web resources for Cocos nucifera L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=11043. Accessed 26 April 2018.