Taxon: Coffea canephora Pierre ex A. Froehner

 
Genus: Coffea
Subgenus: Coffea
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Ixoroideae
Tribe: Coffeeae
Nomen number: 11092
Place of publication: Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 1:237. 1897
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Typification:
Name Verified on: 17-Jan-2013 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • Congo coffeetree  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • robusta coffee  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • caféier robuste  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Robustakaffeebaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Robustakaffeestrauch  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • café-robusta  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • café  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cafeiro  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cafeto robusto  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Human food: beverage base ()
  • Human food: beverage base ()
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for arabica coffee (resistant to cofee leaf rust (Hemileia vastatrix))
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for arabica coffee (resistance to CBD)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for arabica coffee ()
  • Gene sources: pest resistance for arabica coffee ()
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of robusta coffee ()
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of arabica coffee (based on breeding barriers with Coffea arabica, although spontaneous hybridization can occur ("Timor"))
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Social: stimulant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania (n.), Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Chinnappa, C. C. 1981. Palynology and systematics of the genus Coffea J. Coffee Res. 11:65.
  2. Clarindo, W. R. et al. 2012. Cytogenetic and flow cytometry data expand knowledge of genome evolution in three Coffea species Pl. Syst. Evol. 298:835-844.
  3. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  4. Davis, A. P. et al. 2006. An annotated taxonomic conspectus of the genus Coffea (Rubiaceae) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 152:481-482.
  5. Eggeling, W. J. & I. R. Dale The indigenous trees of the Uganda protectorate, ed. 2. (Trees Uganda)
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  10. Guangdong Inst. Bot., ed. Flora Hainanica. (F Hainan)
  11. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  12. Lashermes, P. & F. Anthony 2007. Chapter 5. Coffee (Genome Map Mol Breed) 6:109-118.
  13. Lashermes, P. et al. 2001. Genetic linkage map of Coffea canephora: effect of segregation distortion and analysis of recombination rate in male and female meioses (Genome) 44:589-596.
  14. Leroy, T. et al. 2006. Genetics of coffee quality Brazil. J. Pl. Physiol. 18:229-242.
  15. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  18. Noir, S. et al. 2003. Identification of a major gene (Mex-1) from Coffea canephora conferring resistance to Meloidogyne exigua in Coffea arabica Pl. Pathol. 52:97-103.
  19. Parham, J. W. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed. 1972 (F Fiji)
  20. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  22. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  23. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  24. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants (Pl Res SEAs) 16:66.
  25. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:95-101.

Check other web resources for Coffea canephora Pierre ex A. Froehner :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=11092. Accessed 19 June 2018.