Taxon: Coffea canephora Pierre ex A. Froehner

Genus: Coffea
Subgenus: Coffea
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Ixoroideae
Tribe: Coffeeae
Nomen number: 11092
Place of publication: Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 1:237. 1897
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 17-Jan-2013 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Congo coffeetree  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • robusta coffee  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • caféier robuste  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Robustakaffeebaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Robustakaffeestrauch  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • café-robusta  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • café  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cafeiro  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cafeto robusto  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn; Pl Res SEAs 16:66. 2000)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Ency CNatIn; Pl Res SEAs 16:66. 2000)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for arabica coffee (fide Wild Crop Rel Pl Orn 41. 2011)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for arabica coffee (fide Brazil J Pl Physiol 18:234. 2006)
  • Gene sources: pest resistance for arabica coffee (fide Pl Pathol 52:101. 2003)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of robusta coffee (fide Genome Map Mol Breed 6:109-118. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of arabica coffee (based on breeding barriers with Coffea arabica, although spontaneous hybridization can occur ("Timor") fide Brazil J Pl Physiol 18:233. 2006)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; Pl Res SEAs 16:66. 2000)
  • Social: stimulant (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:66. 2000)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire ; Ghana ; Guinea ; Liberia ; Nigeria
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon ; Central African Republic ; Congo ; Gabon ; Zaire

  • Naturalized



  • Chinnappa, C. C. 1981. Palynology and systematics of the genus Coffea J. Coffee Res. 11:65.
  • Clarindo, W. R. et al. 2012. Cytogenetic and flow cytometry data expand knowledge of genome evolution in three Coffea species Pl. Syst. Evol. 298:835-844.
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Davis, A. P. et al. 2006. An annotated taxonomic conspectus of the genus Coffea (Rubiaceae) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 152:481-482.
  • Eggeling, W. J. & I. R. Dale The indigenous trees of the Uganda protectorate, ed. 2. 1951 (Trees Uganda)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Guangdong Inst. Bot., ed. Flora Hainanica. 1964-1977 (F Hainan)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Lashermes, P. & F. Anthony 2007. Chapter 5. Coffee (Genome Map Mol Breed) 6:109-118.
  • Leroy, T. et al. 2006. Genetics of coffee quality Brazil. J. Pl. Physiol. 18:229-242.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Noir, S. et al. 2003. Identification of a major gene (Mex-1) from Coffea canephora conferring resistance to Meloidogyne exigua in Coffea arabica Pl. Pathol. 52:97-103.
  • Parham, J. W. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed. 1972 (F Fiji)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants (Pl Res SEAs) 16:66.
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:95-101.


Check other web resources for Coffea canephora Pierre ex A. Froehner :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.