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Taxon: Coffea canephora Pierre ex A. Froehner

 
Genus: Coffea
Subgenus: Coffea
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Ixoroideae
Tribe: Coffeeae
Nomen number: 11092
Place of publication: Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 1:237. 1897
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 17-Jan-2013 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 29 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Congo coffeetree  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • robusta coffee  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • caféier robuste  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Robustakaffeebaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Robustakaffeestrauch  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • café-robusta  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • café  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cafeiro  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cafeto robusto  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring; flavoring
  • Human food: beverage base
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Social: stimulant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania (n.), Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Chinnappa, C. C. 1981. Palynology and systematics of the genus Coffea. J. Coffee Res. 11:65.
  2. Clarindo, W. R. et al. 2012. Cytogenetic and flow cytometry data expand knowledge of genome evolution in three Coffea species. Pl. Syst. Evol. 298:835-844.
  3. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  4. Davis, A. P. et al. 2006. An annotated taxonomic conspectus of the genus Coffea (Rubiaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 152:481-482.
  5. Eggeling, W. J. & I. R. Dale. 1951. The indigenous trees of the Uganda protectorate, ed. 2.
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Coffea+canephora&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  10. Guangdong Inst. Bot., ed. 1964-1977. Flora Hainanica.
  11. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  12. Lashermes, P. & F. Anthony. 2007. Chapter 5. Coffee. Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 6:109-118.
  13. Lashermes, P. et al. 2001. Genetic linkage map of Coffea canephora: effect of segregation distortion and analysis of recombination rate in male and female meioses. Genome 44:589-596.
  14. Leroy, T. et al. 2006. Genetics of coffee quality. Brazil. J. Pl. Physiol. 18:229-242.
  15. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Parham, J. W. 1972. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed.
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  21. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  22. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  23. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 16:66.
  24. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) A:95-101.

Check other web resources for Coffea canephora Pierre ex A. Froehner :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=11092. Accessed 16 September 2019.