Taxon: Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott

 
Genus: Colocasia
Family: Araceae
  Subfamily: Aroideae
      Tribe: Colocasieae
Nomen number: 11177
Place of publication: H. Schott & S. L. Endlicher, Melet. bot. 18. 1832
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Mayaguez (MAY)
Accessions: 207 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: agroforestry (fide Econ Bot 55:14-31. 2001)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13; Eur Gard F; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Human food: starch (fide Econ Bot 55:14-31. 2001; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide F LAnt; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: potential as fodder (fide J. South African Soc. Hort. Sci. 7(2):42. 1997)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of taro (based on potential hybridization among populations fide Pacific Sci 53:284. 1999)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann; Kellerman et al., as C. antiquorum; Kingsbury)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . probable origin "Indo-Malayan, between Myanmar and Bangladesh"

    Native:

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Queensland

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • : Europe; United States
  • Northern America

    • : Europe; United States
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: West Indies

  • Cultivated:

    • :
  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Caillon, S. et al. 2006. Nature of taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott) genetic diversity prevalent in a Pacific Ocean island, Vanua Lava, Vanuatu Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 53:1273-1289.
  • Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute African flowering plants database (on-line resource). (L Africa Online)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1987. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon) 6:54-55.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates (Pl Res SEAs) 9:69-72.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae). 2002 (L Araceae)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Helmkampf, M. et al. 2017. Phylogenetic relationships, breeding implications, and cultivation history of Hawaiian taro (Colocasia esculenta) through genome-wide SNP genotyping J. Heredity 1-31.
  • Hill, A. F. 1939. The correct names of certain economic plants Bot. Mus. Leafl. 7:113-118.
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Hunt, H. V. et al. 2013. Genetic data confirms field evidence for natural breeding in a wild taro population (Colocasia esculenta) in northern Queensland, Australia Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:1695-1707.
  • Ivancic, A. & V. Lebot 1999. Botany and genetics of New Caledonian wild taro Colocasia esculenta Pacific Sci. 53:273-285.
  • Jansen van Rensberg, W. S. et al. 2013. Molecular characterization of South African taro (Colocasia esculenta) germplasm using SSR markers Acta Hort. 979:459-466.
  • Joubert, F. J. 1997. Taro (Colocasia esculenta), an under exploited tuber crop in South Africa J. S. African Soc. Hort. Sci. 7(2):39-43.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Kreike, C. M. et al. 2004. Genetic diversity of taro, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Theor. Appl. Genet. 109:761-768.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:92.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Quero-Garcia, J. et al. 2010. Chapter 5. Taro and cocoyam (Handb Pl Breed Root) 149-172.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • The Missouri Botanical Garden with others A Catalogue of the vascular plants of Madagascar (on-line resource). (L Madagascar Online)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:102.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Xu, J. C. et al. 2001. Genetic diversity in taro (Colocasia esculenta Schott, Araceae) in China: An ethnobotanical and genetic approach Econ. Bot. 55:14-31.

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Colocasia esculenta cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image