Taxon: Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott

 
Genus: Colocasia
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Colocasieae
Nomen number: 11177
Place of publication: H. Schott & S. L. Endlicher, Melet. bot. 18. 1832
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Mayaguez (MAY)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: agroforestry ()
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13; Eur Gard F; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Human food: starch (fide Econ Bot 55:14-31. 2001; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide F LAnt; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: potential as fodder (fide J. South African Soc. Hort. Sci. 7(2):42. 1997)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of taro (based on potential hybridization among populations fide Pacific Sci 53:284. 1999)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann; Kellerman et al., as C. antiquorum; Kingsbury)
  • Weed: ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Yunnan (as C. antiquorum)]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland]


    Cultivated



    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • Europe (s.)

    Northern America
    • United States (s.e.)

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies


    Other (probable origin "Indo-Malayan, between Myanmar and Bangladesh")

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute African flowering plants database (on-line resource). (L Africa Online)
  5. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  6. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1987. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon) 6:54-55.
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  8. Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates (Pl Res SEAs) 9:69-72.
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae). 2002 (L Araceae)
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  13. Helmkampf, M. et al. 2017. Phylogenetic relationships, breeding implications, and cultivation history of Hawaiian taro (Colocasia esculenta) through genome-wide SNP genotyping J. Heredity 1-11.
  14. Hill, A. F. 1939. The correct names of certain economic plants Bot. Mus. Leafl. 7:113-118.
  15. Howard, R. A. 1979. Monocotyledoneae (F LAnt) 3:382, 384-385.
  16. Hunt, H. V. et al. 2013. Genetic data confirms field evidence for natural breeding in a wild taro population (Colocasia esculenta) in northern Queensland, Australia Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:1695-1707.
  17. Ivancic, A. & V. Lebot 1999. Botany and genetics of New Caledonian wild taro Colocasia esculenta Pacific Sci. 53:273-285.
  18. Jansen van Rensberg, W. S. et al. 2013. Molecular characterization of South African taro (Colocasia esculenta) germplasm using SSR markers Acta Hort. 979:459-466.
  19. Jarvis, C. et al. Linnaean plant name typification project (on-line resource). (Linnaean Pl Typ Proj)
  20. Joubert, F. J. 1997. Taro (Colocasia esculenta), an under exploited tuber crop in South Africa J. S. African Soc. Hort. Sci. 7(2):39-43.
  21. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  22. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  23. Kreike, C. M. et al. 2004. Genetic diversity of taro, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Theor. Appl. Genet. 109:761-768.
  24. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  25. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  27. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  28. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  29. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  30. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:92.
  31. Nicolson, D. H. 1979. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti) 1:456-457.
  32. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  33. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  34. Quero-Garcia, J. et al. 2010. Chapter 5. Taro and cocoyam (Handb Pl Breed Root) 149-172.
  35. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  36. The Missouri Botanical Garden with others A Catalogue of the vascular plants of Madagascar (on-line resource). (L Madagascar Online)
  37. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  38. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  39. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  40. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  41. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:102.
  42. Xu, J. C. et al. 2001. Genetic diversity in taro (Colocasia esculenta Schott, Araceae) in China: An ethnobotanical and genetic approach Econ. Bot. 55:14-31.

Check other web resources for Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Colocasia esculenta cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=11177. Accessed 19 April 2018.