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Taxon: Conium maculatum L.

 
Genus: Conium
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Nomen number: 11262
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:243. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (2 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Harmful organism host:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to humans and livestock) mammals; mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Jammu and Kashmir] Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Western Cape]

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia]
    • Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  3. Brouillet, L., F. et al., compilers. 2010. Database of vascular plants of Canada (VASCAN) (on-line resource)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  6. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  7. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  8. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  9. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  10. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  11. Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti. 1988. Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics
  12. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  13. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  14. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  15. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  16. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Conium+maculatum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  17. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  18. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  19. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  20. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  21. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  22. Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York. 225.
  23. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  24. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  25. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  26. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  27. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  28. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  29. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  30. Mathias, M. E. & L. Constance. 1944. Umbelliferae. North American flora 28B:137 Note: ser. 1, 1905-1957; ser. 2, 1954-1972
  31. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  32. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  33. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  34. Mukherjee, P. K. & L. Constance. 1993. Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) of India
  35. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  36. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  37. Pammel, L. H. 1911. Manual of poisonous plants. Note: poisonous
  38. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  39. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  40. Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979-1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  41. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  42. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  43. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  44. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  45. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  46. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  47. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/apiaceae/conium-maculatum/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  48. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  49. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9.
  50. Whitson, T. D. et al., eds. 1999. Weeds of the West, ed. 5
  51. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  52. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  53. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Conium maculatum L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=11262. Accessed 23 July 2019.