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Taxon: Conium maculatum L.

 
Genus: Conium
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Nomen number: 11262
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:243. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation (NSSL)
Accessions: 4 (2 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Harmful organism host:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Jammu and Kashmir] Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Western Cape]

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan]
    • Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  4. Brouillet, L., F. et al., compilers Database of vascular plants of Canada (VASCAN) (on-line resource). 2010 (L Canada Online)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  7. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  8. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  9. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  10. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  11. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  12. Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics. 1988 (Der Marderosian)
  13. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  14. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  15. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  16. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  17. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  18. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  19. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  20. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  21. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  22. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  23. Holm, L. et al. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 1997 (WorldWeeds) 225.
  24. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  25. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  26. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  27. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  28. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  29. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  30. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  31. Mathias, M. E. & L. Constance 1944. Umbelliferae (N Amer fl) 28B:137
  32. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  33. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  34. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  35. Mukherjee, P. K. & L. Constance Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) of India. 1993 (Umbell India)
  36. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  37. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  38. Pammel, L. H. Manual of poisonous plants. (Pammel)
  39. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  40. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  41. Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  42. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  43. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  44. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  45. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  46. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  47. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  48. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  49. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  50. Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9. (F Utah)
  51. Whitson, T. D. et al., eds. Weeds of the West, ed. 5. 1999 (Weeds West)
  52. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  53. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Conium maculatum L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=11262. Accessed 23 October 2018.