Taxon: Conium maculatum L.

Genus: Conium
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Nomen number: 11262
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:243. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation (NSSL)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide WorldWeeds 225. 1997)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to humans and livestock fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann; Pammel; Der Marderosian; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Jordan ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India Jammu and Kashmir; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa Western Cape
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Xinjiang
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • Mexico ; United States
    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Central America: Costa Rica ; Guatemala ; Honduras
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Ecuador ; Peru

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Brouillet, L., F. et al., compilers Database of vascular plants of Canada (VASCAN) (on-line resource). 2010 (L Canada Online)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  • Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics. 1988 (Der Marderosian)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 1997 (WorldWeeds) 225.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Mathias, M. E. & L. Constance 1944. Umbelliferae (N Amer fl) 28B:137
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  • Mukherjee, P. K. & L. Constance Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) of India. 1993 (Umbell India)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  • Pammel, L. H. Manual of poisonous plants. (Pammel)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9. (F Utah)
  • Whitson, T. D. et al., eds. Weeds of the West, ed. 5. 1999 (Weeds West)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Conium maculatum L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image