Taxon: Convallaria majalis L.

 
Genus: Convallaria
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Nomen number: 11280
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:314. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 21-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Nov-2007
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Zander ed13)
  • Materials: essential oils (for perfumery)
  • Medicines: source of convallatoxin (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk (s.)]
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia (e.)
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China [Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hunan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu] Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [West Virginia]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Georgia (n.), Kentucky (s.e.), North Carolina (w.), South Carolina (n.w.), Tennessee (e.), Virginia (w.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  5. Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  15. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  16. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  18. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  19. Pajaujis Anonis, D. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery. (Flower Oils)
  20. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  21. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  22. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  23. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Convallaria majalis L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=11280. Accessed 18 July 2018.