Taxon: Cosmos bipinnatus Cav.

 
Genus: Cosmos
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 11680
Place of publication: Icon. 1:10, t. 14. 1791
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 05-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide F Guat; F NGalicia; Dict Gard)
  • Materials: essential oils (used in perfumery fide Flower Oils)
  • Medicines: folklore ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona (s.)]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Zacatecas (s.)]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Federal District, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Adventive

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia, Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Utah]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Hispaniola
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Sao Paulo]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  4. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  5. Breedlove, D. E., ed. Flora of Chiapas. (F Chiapas)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  11. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  13. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  14. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  15. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  16. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  17. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  18. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  19. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  21. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  22. Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  25. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  26. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  27. Pajaujis Anonis, D. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery. (Flower Oils)
  28. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  29. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  30. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. (F Bajio)
  31. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora fanerogámica del Valle de México. (F Valle Mex)
  32. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  33. Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. (F GB Ire)
  34. Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  35. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  36. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  37. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  38. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  39. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  40. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Cosmos bipinnatus Cav. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=11680. Accessed 26 April 2018.