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Taxon: Cosmos sulphureus Cav.

 
Genus: Cosmos
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 11684
Place of publication: Icon. 1:56, t. 79. 1791
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 7 (3 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • orange cosmos  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • sulphur cosmos  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • yellow cosmos  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • cosmos soufré  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • gelbes Schmuckkörbchen  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • cosmos-amarelo  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • gullskära  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • liu huang ju  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • kosmos želtyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Yucatan]


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Adventive

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Poland


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka
    • MALESIA: Philippines

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Cuba, Hispaniola, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay [Amambay]


    Other (possibly native in n.w. South America)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  5. Breedlove, D. E., ed. Flora of Chiapas. (F Chiapas)
  6. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  11. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  14. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  15. Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. (L Venez ed2)
  16. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  17. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  18. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  19. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  21. Lasser, T., ed. Flora de Venezuela. (F Venez)
  22. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  24. Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  25. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2. (F PR ed2)
  26. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  27. Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. (F Philipp)
  28. Moscoso, R. M. Catalogus florae domingensis. (L Doming)
  29. Pajaujis Anonis, D. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery. (Flower Oils)
  30. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  31. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  32. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. (F Bajio)
  33. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:152.
  34. Spellman, D. L. et al. A list of the monocotyledoneae/dicotyledonae of Belize. Rhodora v. 77 & 83. (L Belize)
  35. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  36. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  37. Verma, D. M. et al. (vol. 1); V. Mudgal et al. (vol. 2) Flora Madhya Pradesh. (F Madhya Prad)
  38. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  39. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  40. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  41. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Cosmos sulphureus Cav. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=11684. Accessed 16 October 2018.