Taxon: Cosmos sulphureus Cav.

 
Genus: Cosmos
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 11684
Place of publication: Icon. 1:56, t. 79. 1791
Name Verified on: 06-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • orange cosmos  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • sulphur cosmos  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • yellow cosmos  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • cosmos soufré  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • gelbes Schmuckkörbchen  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • cosmos-amarelo  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • gullskära  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • liu huang ju  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • kosmos želtyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Materials: essential oils (used in perfumery fide Flower Oils)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide PROTA4U)
  • Weed: (fide F Guat)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . possibly native in n.w. South America

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas, - Zacatecas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, - Chiapas, - Colima, - Guanajuato, - Guerrero, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Puebla, - Queretaro, - Quintana Roo, - Veracruz, - Yucatan

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Philippines
  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Missouri, - Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Michigan, - New York, - Pennsylvania
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Cuba; Hispaniola; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay - Amambay
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

    Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Poland

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Breedlove, D. E., ed. Flora of Chiapas. 1981- (F Chiapas)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. 2008 (L Venez ed2)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lasser, T., ed. Flora de Venezuela. 1964- (F Venez)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2. 2000 (F PR ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Moscoso, R. M. Catalogus florae domingensis. 1943 (L Doming)
  • Pajaujis Anonis, D. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery. 1993 (Flower Oils)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. 1991- (F Bajio)
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:152.
  • Spellman, D. L. et al. A list of the monocotyledoneae/dicotyledonae of Belize. Rhodora v. 77 & 83, 1975 & 1981 (L Belize)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Verma, D. M. et al. (vol. 1); V. Mudgal et al. (vol. 2) Flora Madhya Pradesh. 1993- (F Madhya Prad)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Cosmos sulphureus Cav. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image