Taxon: Crotalaria juncea L.

Genus: Crotalaria
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Crotalarieae
Nomen number: 12331
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:714. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-Sep-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Sep-2005
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 24 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (green manure fide Dict Econ Pl; Cover Crop Database)
  • Animal food: potential as forage (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:98-100. 1992)
  • Materials: fiber (more enduring than jute fide Dict Econ Pl)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al.; Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:



  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh ; Bhutan ; India Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh

  • Cultivated


  • Federal Seed Act and Regulations, Agricultural and Vegetable Kind Lists, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service, Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch. (Federal Seed Act)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. (F CambLVN)
  • Bernal M., H. Y. 1986. Crotalaria (Fabaceae - Faboideae) (F Colomb) 4:59.
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson Legumes of West Asia: a checklist. 1991 (Leg WAsia)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Matos G., F. 1978. El género Crotalaria en Venezuela Acta Bot. Venez. 13:87.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  • National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  • Niyomdham, C. 1978. A revision of the genus Crotalaria Linn. (Papilionaceae) in Thailand Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 11:135.
  • Polhill, R. M. 1982. Crotalaria in Africa and Madagascar. 1982 (Crot Afr Madag) 372.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:98-100.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  • Yang, C. Y. 1983. On the problems of the classification of Crotalaria in China Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 3(4):107.

Check other web resources for Crotalaria juncea L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image