Taxon: Curcuma longa L.

 
Genus: Curcuma
Family: Zingiberaceae
Subfamily: Zingiberoideae
Tribe: Zingibereae
Nomen number: 12676
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:2. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 12-May-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: coloring (fide Ency CNatIn; J. Med. Aromat. Pl. Sci. 19:948. 1997)
  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn; J. Med. Aromat. Pl. Sci. 19:948. 1997)
  • Materials: essential oils ()
  • Medicines: source of curcumin (fide Import Medicinal Pl; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):215. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (probably native)


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  4. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  5. Burtt, B. L. 1977. The nomenclature of turmeric and other Ceylon Zingiberaceae Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35:209-215.
  6. Cannon, J. & M. Cannon Dye plants and dyeing. The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1994 (Dye Pl)
  7. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  13. Leong-Škorničková, J. et al. 2008. On the identity of turmeric: the typification of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157:37-46.
  14. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn) 499-500.
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  16. Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  19. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:95.
  20. Newman, M. et al. 2004. Checklist of the Zingiberaceae of Malesia (Blumea) Suppl. 16:65.
  21. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):215.
  22. Parashar, et al. 1995. Vaniki Sandesh 19:1-4.
  23. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  25. Real Academia Española Diccionario de la lengua española (on-line resource). (Dicc Lengua Espanola)
  26. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  27. Shah, N. C. 1997. Traditional uses of tumeric (Curcuma longa) in India J. Med. Aromat. Pl. Sci. 19:948-954.
  28. Sirirugsa, P. et al. 2007. The genus Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae): distribution and classification with reference to species diversity in Thailand Gard. Bull. Singapore 59:212.
  29. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)

Check other web resources for Curcuma longa L. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Curcuma longa cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=12676. Accessed 23 June 2018.