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Taxon: Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle

 
Genus: Cymbopogon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Anthristiriinae
Nomen number: 12810
Place of publication: W. P. Hiern, Cat. afr. pl. 2(1):155. 1899
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 09-Feb-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Feb-2006
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 13 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • Ceylon citronella  (Source: Ency CNatIn) - English
  • citronella  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • citronella grass  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • giant turpentine grass  (Source: Grass SAfr) - English
  • nard grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • new citronella grass  (Source: F Ceylon) - English
  • reuse terpentyngras  (Source: Grass SAfr) - Afrikaans
  • citronnelle de Ceylan  (Source: Pl Names) - French
  • citronnelle de Sri Lanka  (Source: pers. comm.) - French
  • Ceyloncitronell  (Source: HerbSpices) - German
  • Citronellgras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • dichtblättriges Zitronellagras  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • citronela-de-Java  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • zacate limón  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • citronellagräs  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Materials: essential oils
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa, [Cape Province (e.), Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal] Swaziland

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Karnataka, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal] Sri Lanka


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar
    • MALESIA: Indonesia


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Bellenot, D. 2009. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  3. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  4. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1950. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. (Wealth India RM) 2:418-419.
  5. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  6. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1994. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon) 8:131.
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  8. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  11. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  12. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  13. Kress, W. J. et al. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 45. 2003 (L Myanmar)
  14. Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  15. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  17. Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants (Pl Res SEAs) 19:108.
  18. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  20. Pullaiah, T. et al. Flora of Andhra Pradesh (India). (F Andhra Prad)
  21. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  22. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  23. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  24. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  25. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl) 167.
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=12810. Accessed 17 November 2018.