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Taxon: Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle

 
Genus: Cymbopogon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Anthristiriinae
Nomen number: 12810
Place of publication: W. P. Hiern, Cat. afr. pl. 2(1):155. 1899
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 09-Feb-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 13 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Ceylon citronella  (Source: Ency CNatIn) - English
  • citronella  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • citronella grass  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • giant turpentine grass  (Source: Grass SAfr) - English
  • nard grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • new citronella grass  (Source: F Ceylon) - English
  • reuse terpentyngras  (Source: Grass SAfr) - Afrikaans
  • citronnelle de Ceylan  (Source: Pl Names) - French
  • citronnelle de Sri Lanka  (Source: pers. comm.) - French
  • Ceyloncitronell  (Source: HerbSpices) - German
  • Citronellgras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • dichtblättriges Zitronellagras  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • citronela-de-Java  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • zacate limón  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • citronellagräs  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Materials: essential oils
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini, Lesotho, South Africa [Cape Province (e.), KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Transvaal]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka] Sri Lanka


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar
    • MALESIA: Indonesia


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bellenot, D. 2009. pers. comm. Note: re. French common names
  3. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  4. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1950. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. 2:418-419.
  5. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  6. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1994. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 8:131.
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  11. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58 Note: mentions
  12. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  13. Kress, W. J. et al. 2003. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 45
  14. Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia
  15. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  17. Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 19:108.
  18. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  20. Pullaiah, T. et al. 1997-1998. Flora of Andhra Pradesh (India).
  21. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  22. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  23. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  24. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  25. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 167.
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=12810. Accessed 19 September 2019.