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Taxon: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.

 
Genus: Cynodon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Subtribe: Eleusininae
Nomen number: 12848
Place of publication: Syn. pl. 1:85. 1805
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-Jul-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 258 (29 active, 10 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental: lawn/turf
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized



    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation [Kalmykia, Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd]


    Other (origin Old World)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. CRC Press. Note: Revised version of AH 170
  3. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  5. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 41.
  7. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  8. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  9. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Cynodon+dactylon&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58
  13. Harlan, J. R. & J. M. J. de Wet. 1969. Sources of variation in Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.. Crop Sci. (Madison) 9:774-778.
  14. Harlan, J. R. et al. 1970. A guide to the species of Cynodon (Gramineae). Bull. Oklahoma Agric. Exp. Sta. B-673:12-22.
  15. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  16. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  17. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  18. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  19. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  20. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  21. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India. Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  22. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  23. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  25. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  26. Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  27. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  30. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  31. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:178.
  32. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú. Ruizia 13:288.
  33. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  34. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/poaceae/cynodon-dactylon/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  35. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  37. Zon, A. P. M. van der. 1992. Graminées du Cameroun
  38. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47 Note: with four varieties
  39. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=12848. Accessed 13 November 2019.