Taxon: Cyperus esculentus L.

 
Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae
Subfamily: Cyperoideae
Tribe: Cypereae
Nomen number: 12901
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:45. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 10-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Human food: beverage base (tubers fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Human food: oil/fat ()
  • Human food: vegetable (tubers fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Materials: lipids ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide F LAnt; Weed CIBA; Syst Bot 20:461. 1995)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, [Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Java]

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Aruba, Bermuda, Cuba, Jamaica, Martinique, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (s.)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MIDDLE ATLANTIC OCEAN: St. Helena

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Shandong]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

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Check other web resources for Cyperus esculentus L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=12901. Accessed 22 May 2018.