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Taxon: Cyperus esculentus L.

 
Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae
Subfamily: Cyperoideae
Tribe: Cypereae
Nomen number: 12901
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:45. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 10-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 27 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • earth-almond  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • tigernut  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • water-grass  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • yellow nut sedge  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • yellow nut-grass  (Source: F CalifMunz) - English
  • yellow nut sedge  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • amande de terre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • choufa  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • souchet comestible  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • souchet comestible  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Erdmandel  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • chufa  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • tiririca  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tiririca-amarela  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tiririca-mansa  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cebollín  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • chufa  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish
  • juncia avellanada  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • jordmandel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • gireumgol  (Source: Kulturpflanze) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: oil/fat; vegetable (tubers)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Jawa]

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Ontario, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Illinois, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas, Baja California (Norte)]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Tlaxcala, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán, Ciudad de México]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Aruba, Bermuda, Cuba, Jamaica, Martinique, Netherlands Antilles, Trinidad and Tobago, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (s.)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MIDDLE ATLANTIC OCEAN: St. Helena

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Shandong Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

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  6. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  7. Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal. 1991. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. 6:310-337.
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  11. Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts CRC Press.
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  13. Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 9:78-82.
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  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Cyperus+esculentus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
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  20. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  21. Haines, R. W. & K. A. Lye. 1983. Sedges and rushes of East Africa
  22. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
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  56. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  57. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Cyperus esculentus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=12901. Accessed 21 October 2019.