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Taxon: Cyperus esculentus L.

 
Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae
Subfamily: Cyperoideae
Tribe: Cypereae
Nomen number: 12901
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:45. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 10-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM)
Accessions: 27 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: oil/fat; vegetable (tubers)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, [Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Java]

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Quebec, Ontario, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Aruba, Bermuda, Cuba, Jamaica, Martinique, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (s.)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MIDDLE ATLANTIC OCEAN: St. Helena

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Shandong]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  5. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  6. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  7. Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. (Use Pl WT Afr)
  8. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  9. Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal 1991. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. (Esp Veg Prom) 6:310-337.
  10. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  11. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  12. Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press. 1989 (Handb Nuts)
  13. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  14. Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates (Pl Res SEAs) 9:78-82.
  15. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  16. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  17. Foreman, D. B. & N. G. Walsh Flora of Victoria. (F Victoria)
  18. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  19. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  20. Govaerts, R. & D. A. Simpson World checklist of Cyperaceae, sedges. (L Cyperaceae)
  21. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  22. Haines, R. W. & K. A. Lye Sedges and rushes of East Africa. 1983 (Sedge EAfr)
  23. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  24. Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. (F NSWales)
  25. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  26. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  27. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  28. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  29. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  30. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  31. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  32. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  33. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  34. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  35. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  36. Molina G., A. M. 2011. Review of Cyperaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 31 Mar.
  37. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:95.
  38. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  39. Pascual, B. et al. 2001. Chufa ( L. var. sativus Boeck.): an unconventional crop Econ. Bot. 54:439-448.
  40. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  41. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  42. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  43. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  44. Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  45. Schippers, P. et al. 1995. A revision of the infraspecific taxonomy of Cyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) with an experimentally evaluated character set Syst. Bot. 20:461-481.
  46. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  47. Simpson, D. A. & C. A. Inglis 2001. Cyperaceae of economic, ethnobotanical and horticultural importance: a checklist Kew Bull. 56:292-293.
  48. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  49. Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross Flora of south-eastern Queensland. (F SE Queensl)
  50. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  51. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  52. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  53. Tucker, G. C. 1994. Revision of the Mexican species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae) Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43:97.
  54. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  55. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  56. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Cyperus esculentus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=12901. Accessed 19 December 2018.