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Taxon: Dactylis glomerata L.

 
Genus: Dactylis
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Dactylidinae
Nomen number: 13114
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:71. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1729 (1511 active, 1450 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Madeira Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Utah]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [West Virginia]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, South Carolina, Virginia]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Uruguay


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Dactylis_glomerata_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. CRC Press. Note: Revised version of AH 170
  4. Baldwin, B. G. et al., eds. The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California (on-line resource).
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  6. Bushman, B. S. et al. 2011. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) EST and SSR marker development, annotation, and transferability. Theor. Appl. Genet. 123:119-129.
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning
  8. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  9. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 24.
  10. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  11. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  12. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Dactylis+glomerata&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49:139-247.
  16. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  17. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. 2003-. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica
  18. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  19. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer. 2006. New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist
  20. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  21. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  22. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  23. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  24. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  25. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  28. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  29. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  30. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  31. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  32. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  33. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  34. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:197.
  35. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:242.
  36. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  37. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  38. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  39. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  40. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365-380.
  41. Veldkamp, J. F. 1997. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  42. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/poaceae/dactylis-glomerata/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  43. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  44. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  45. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  46. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  47. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist.

Check other web resources for Dactylis glomerata L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses for North America North of Mexico
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=13114. Accessed 22 November 2019.