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Taxon: Dendrocalamus asper (Schult. & Schult. f.) Backer ex K. Heyne

Genus: Dendrocalamus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Bambusinae
Nomen number: 13518
Place of publication: Nutt. pl. Ned.-Ind. ed. 2, 1:301. 1927
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-Oct-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Mayaguez (MAY)
Accessions: 29 (5 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

  • giant bamboo  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • rough giant bamboo  (Source: Bamboo World) - English
  • ma lai tian long zhu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable; vegetable (fide Pl Res SEAs 7:80. 1995); vegetable
  • Materials: cane; cane

Distributional Range:


    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    • CHINA: China [Yunnan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    • INDO-CHINA: Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam (s.)
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Northern America
    • United States


    • MALESIA: Indonesia

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia


    • MALESIA: Malaysia (possibly native in n.)


  1. Alipon, M. A. et al. 2011. Development of floor tiles from Philippine bamboos Philipp. J. Sci. 140:33-39.
  2. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  3. Dransfield, S. The bamboos of Sabah (Bamboo Sabah)
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  5. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption (L Edible Pl)
  6. Ohrnberger, D. The bamboos of the world. (Bamboo World)
  7. Pattaniak, S. & J. B. Hall 2011. Molecular evidence for polyphyly in the woody bamboo genus Dendrocalamus (subtribe Bambusinae) Pl. Syst. Evol. 291:59-67.
  8. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  9. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  10. Traynor, M. & D. J. Midmore 2009. Cultivated bamboo in the Northern Territory of Australia ACIAR Proceed. 108-123.
  11. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  12. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:109.
  13. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Dendrocalamus asper (Schult. & Schult. f.) Backer ex K. Heyne :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=13518. Accessed 16 June 2019.