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Taxon: Desmodium incanum (Sw.) DC.

Genus: Desmodium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Desmodieae
Subtribe: Desmodiinae
Nomen number: 13642
Place of publication: Prodr. 2:332. 1825, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: the basionym Hedysarum incanum Sw. has been conserved (nom. cons., Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.10 & App IV) over the earlier homonym (Shenzhen ICN Art. 53) Hedysarum incanum Thunb., nom. rej. to establish priority of this name back to 1788
Name Verified on: 05-Jul-2018 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 58 (38 active, 37 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • kaimi-clover  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • amor-de-campo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • carrapicho-beiço-de-boi  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pega-pega  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: potential as forage
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay

    Naturalized (widely natzd. in paleotropics)


  1. Applequist, W. L. 2013. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 65. Taxon 62:1320. Note: proposal recommended
  2. Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969-. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  3. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago. Note: = Desmodium canum (J. F. Gmel.) Schinz & Thell.
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Desmodium+incanum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  5. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  6. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  7. Lewis, G. P. & P. E. Owen. 1989. Legumes of the Ilha de Maraca
  8. Lima, L. C. P. et al. 2012. (2089) Proposal to conserve the name Hedysarum incanum Sw. against H. incanum Thunb. (Leguminosae). Taxon 61:1122-1123.
  9. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  10. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela. 1971. A flora of tropical Florida. Note: = Desmodium canum (J. F. Gmel.) Schinz & Thell.
  11. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: = Desmodium canum (J. F. Gmel.) Schinz & Thell.
  12. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  13. Nicolson, D. H. 1978. Illegitimate "basionyms," impact on priority and author citation or, the rise of Desmodium incanum and fall of D. canum (Fabaceae). Taxon 27:369.
  14. Ohashi, H. 1988. Desmodium (Leguminosae) of the Hawaiian islands. Sci. Rep. Tohoku Imp. Univ., Ser. 4, Biol. 39:178.
  15. Oliveira, M. de L. A. A. de. 1983. Estudo taxonômico do gênero Desmodium Desv. (Leguminosae, Faboideae, Desmodieae). Iheringia, Bot. 31:62.
  16. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. Note: introduced in United States
  17. Schrire, B. D. 1988. A synopsis of the tribe Desmodieae (Fabaceae) in southern Africa. Bothalia 18:14.
  18. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala. Note: = Desmodium canum (J. F. Gmel.) Schinz & Thell.
  19. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 4:112-114.
  20. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa. Note: = Desmodium canum (J. F. Gmel.) Schinz & Thell.
  21. Wilson, K. L. 2016. Report of the General Committee: 14. Taxon 65:878. Note: proposal recommended
  22. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.

Check other web resources for Desmodium incanum (Sw.) DC. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=13642. Accessed 21 August 2019.