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Taxon: Actinidia chinensis Planch.

 
Genus: Actinidia
Section: Stellatae
Family: Actinidiaceae
Nomen number: 1405
Place of publication: London J. Bot. 6:303. 1847
Link to protologue:
Comment: often given as name for kiwifruit, but this is A. deliciosa
Name Verified on: 22-Jul-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jul-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 106 (29 active, 51 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide http://www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/content/abstract/103/4/1399,); fruit (fide http://www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/content/abstract/103/4/1399,)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong (n.), Guangxi (n.), Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi (s.), Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Atkinson, R. G. & E. A. Macrae 2007. Chapter I.13 Kiwifruit Biotechnol. Agric. Forest. 60:329-346.
  3. Atkinson, R. G. et al. 1997. The allopolyploid origin of kiwifruit, Actinidia deliciosa (Actinidiaceae) Pl. Syst. Evol. 205:111-124.
  4. Auger, J. et al. 2011. Outbreak of a lethal wilt form of gold kiwifruit, Actinidia chinensis 'Hort16A' in Chile Acta Hort. 913:473-479.
  5. Brevik, A. et al. 2011. Supplementation of a western diet with golden kiwifruits (Actinidia chinensis var. 'Hort 16A':) effects on biomarkers of oxidation damage and antioxidant protection Nutr. J. 10:54.
  6. Chat, J. et al. 2004. Reticulate evolution in kiwifruit (Actinidia, Actinidiaceae) identified by comparing their maternal and paternal phylogenies Amer. J. Bot. 91:736-747.
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  8. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  9. Facciola, S. Cornucopia II: a source book of edible plants. 1998 (Cornucopia II)
  10. Ferguson, A. R. & H. Huang 2007. Genetic resources of kiwifruit: domestication and breeding Hort. Rev. 33:1-122.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Hirsch, A. M. et al. 2001. Embryo rescue from interspecific crosses in the genus Actinidia (kiwifruit) Pl. Cell Rep. 20:508-516.
  13. Huang, H.-W. & A. R. Ferguson 2007. Actinidia in China: natural diversity, phylogeographical evolution, interspecific gene flow and kiwifruit cultivar improvement Acta Hort. 753:31-40.
  14. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  15. Li, D. et al. 2010. Morphological and cytotype variation of wild kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis complex) along an altitudinal and longitudinal gradient in central-west China Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 164:72-83.
  16. Li, H. L. 1952. A taxonomic review of the genus Actinidia J. Arnold Arbor. 33:54.
  17. Li, J. et al. 2002. Molecular phylogeny and infrageneric classification of Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) Syst. Bot. 27:406-415.
  18. Liang, C. F. & A. R. Ferguson 1986. The botanical nomenclature of the kiwifruit and related taxa New Zealand J. Bot. 24:183-184.
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  21. Redgwell, R. J. & S. C. Fry 1993. Xyloglucan endotransglycosylase activity increases during kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) ripening (implications for fruit softening) Pl. Physiol. (Lancaster) 103:1399-1406.
  22. Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. (Rehder)
  23. Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  24. Testolin, R. & A. R. Ferguson 1997. Isozyme polymorphism in the genus Actinidia and the origin of the kiwifruit genome Syst. Bot. 22:685-700.
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Actinidia chinensis Planch. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=1405. Accessed 15 December 2018.