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Taxon: Dioscorea alata L.

 
Genus: Dioscorea
Family: Dioscoreaceae
Nomen number: 14175
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1033. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 12-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 72 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: starch; vegetable (tubers are consumed cooked)
  • Medicines:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal
    • PAPUASIA: New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Borneo, Indonesia, [Sulawesi, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatera] Malaysia, Philippines


    Cultivated (widely cult. in paleotropics)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Mali, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Georgia]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia, [Society Islands] Pitcairn
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Niue, Samoa, Tonga

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Peru


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Arnau, G. et al. 2009. Revision of ploidy status of Dioscorea alata L. (Dioscoreaceae) by cytogenetic and microsatellite segregation analysis. Theor. Appl. Genet. 118:1239-1249. Note: it found evidence for diploid (2n=40), and polyploid Dioscorea alata; this study questioned the allotetraploid origin of D. alata
  4. Bhattacharjee, R. et al. 2011. Chapter 4. Dioscorea. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, industrial crops 71-96.
  5. Burkill, H. M. 1985. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 1:655-657.
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  7. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  8. Egesi, C. N. et al. 2002. Ploidy analysis in water yam, Dioscorea alata L. germplasm. Euphytica 128:225-230. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  10. Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 9:90.
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Dioscorea+alata&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  14. Govaerts, R. et al. 2007. World checklist of Dioscoreales: yams and their allies
  15. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  16. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  17. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  18. Howard, R. 1979. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 3:506.
  19. Hsu, K.-M. et al. 2013. Molecular phylogeny of Dioscorea (Dioscoreaceae) in East and Southeast Asia. Blumea 58:21-27.
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  21. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  22. Malapa, R. et al. 2005. Genetic diversity of the greater yam (Dioscorea alata L.) and relatedness to D. nummularia Lam. and D. transversa Br. as revealed with AFLP markers. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 52:919-929.
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  25. Nemorin, A. et al. 2012. Inheritance pattern of tetraploid Dioscorea alata and evidence of double reduction using microsatellite marker segregation analysis. Molec. Breed. 30:1657-1667. Note: it finds evidence for autoplyploidization in the origin of polyploid, cultivated Dioscorea alata
  26. Nemorin, A. et al. 2013. Microsatellite and flow cytometry analysis to help understand the origin of Dioscorea alata polyploids. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 112:811-819. Note: this study found an inheritance pattern that supports autotetraploidy; it also proposed that the origin of Dioscorea alata autotetraploids could occur through unreduced gametes resulting in intermediate triploids
  27. Nkounkou, J. S. 1993. La section Enantiophyllum Uline du genre Dioscorea L. en Afrique Centrale. Belgian J. Bot. 126:45-70.
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  30. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1951. Flora malesiana. ser. 1, 4:330-331.
  31. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: Missouri Botanical Garden & Timber Press
  32. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  33. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  34. Wilkin, P. 2001. Dioscoreaceae of south-central Africa. Kew Bull. 56:374.
  35. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Dioscorea alata L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14175. Accessed 20 September 2019.