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Taxon: Adansonia digitata L.

 
Genus: Adansonia
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Nomen number: 1433
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1144. 1759 (Sp. pl. 2:1190. 1753, nom. inval.)
Link to protologue:
Comment: genus not validated until 1759, as Linnaeus (in Sp. pl. ed. 1 and Gen. pl.) failed to provide a description or a reference to a previously published one
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 29-Sep-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 11 (2 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: fruit (fide Lost Crops Afr 3:43. 2008) oil/fat; seeds (fide Lost Crops Afr 3:43. 2008)
  • Materials: lipids; tannin/dyestuff
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa [Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • Africa

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Jawa]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • South America


    Naturalized (widely natzd. in tropics)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1963-. Flore du Cameroun.
  3. Baum, D. A. 1995. A systematic revision of Adansonia (Bombacaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 82:452.
  4. Berhaut, J. 1971-. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  5. Borlaug, N. et al., eds. 2008. Fruits: Baobab. Lost crops of Africa. 3:41-59.
  6. Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. 1937-. Conspectus florae angolensis.
  7. Cron, G. V. et al. 2016. One African baobab species or two? Synonymy of Adansonia kilima and A. digitata. Taxon 65:1037-1049.
  8. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  11. Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. French common names
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Adansonia+digitata&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  14. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  15. Humbert, J.-H., ed. 1936-. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores.
  16. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Merxmüller, H., ed. 1966-1972. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika.
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Pock Tsy, J.-M. L. et al. 2009. Chloroplast DNA phylogeography suggests a West African centre of origin for the baobab, Adansonia digitata L. (Bombacoideae, Malvaceae). Molec. Ecol. 18:1707-1715.
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  22. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  23. Wiehle, M. et al. 2014. The African baobab ( Adansonia digitata, Malvaceae): Genetic resources in neglected populations of the Nuba mountains, Sudan. Amer. J. Bot. 101:1498-1507.
  24. Wyk, B.-E. van et al. 2009. Medicinal plants of South Africa Note: Briza Publications, Pretoria, South Africa
  25. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Adansonia digitata L. :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=1433. Accessed 7 December 2019.