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Taxon: Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult.

Genus: Adenium
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Apocynoideae
Tribe: Wrightieae
Nomen number: 1446
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 4:411. 1819
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 05-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 7 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • desert-rose  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • impala-lily  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • mock azalea  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • baobab chacal  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • faux baobab  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • lis des impalas  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • pied d'éléphant  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • rose du désert  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • gewöhnliche Wüstenrose  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • baobá-exótica  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • djindje-pété  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • rosa-do-deserto  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • mdagu  (Source: PROTA4U) - Swahili
  • mdaguwande  (Source: PROTA4U) - Swahili
  • mwanja  (Source: PROTA4U) - Swahili
  • ökenros  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Non-vertebrate poisons:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal

    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen


    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Guinea, Senegal

    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand




  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Berhaut, J. 1971-. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  3. Compton, R. H. 1976. The flora of Swaziland.
  4. Eggli, U. 1994. Sukkulenten Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Company.
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  9. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  10. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  13. Pichon, M. 1953. Monographie des Landolphiées. Mém Inst. Franç. Afrique Noire 35:78-79.
  14. Plaizier, A. C. 1980. A revision of Adenium Roem. & Schult. and of Diplorhynchus Welw. ex Fic. & Hiern (Apocynaceae). Meded. Landbouwhoogeschool. 80-12:1-42.
  15. Ross, J. 1972. The flora of Natal.
  16. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970-. Flora of Thailand.
  17. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  18. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  19. Van der Walt, K. & E. T. F. Witkowski. 2017. Seed viability, germination and seedling emergence of the critically endangered stem succulent, Adenium swazicum, in South Africa. S. African J. Bot. 109:237-245. Note: mentions
  20. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  21. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=1446. Accessed 19 February 2020.