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Taxon: Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv.

 
Genus: Echinochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Boivinellinae
Nomen number: 14823
Place of publication: Ess. Agrostogr. 53, 161, 169, t. 11, fig. 2. 1812 "crus galli"
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/394240
Comments:
  • • combination made in index
  • • allohexaploid (2n=54)
Name Verified on: 05-Mar-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 784 (78 active, 74 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation [Kalmykia, Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Guinea, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Turkey
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Ukraine

    Northern America
    • Mexico, North America

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii, United States Minor Outlying Islands, United States Minor Outlying Islands]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands, Micronesia
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Other (origin obscure, likely tropical Asia)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Aoki, D. & H. Yamaguchi. 2008. Genetic relationship between Echinochloa crus-galli and Echinochloa oryzicola accessions inferred from internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast DNA sequences. Weed Biol. Managem. 8:233-242. Note: it supported Echinochloa oryzicola as paternal donor, but maternal one is unknown
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Boulos, L. & M. N. El-Hadidi. 1984. The weeds of Egypt.
  5. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  6. Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II. Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  7. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  8. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 45. Note: lists as Echinochloa crusgalli
  9. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  12. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Echinochloa+crus-galli&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Gould, F. W. et al. 1972. A revision of Echinochloa in the United States. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 87:53.
  15. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  16. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  17. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  18. International Development Consortium. Invasive species compendium (on-line resource).
  19. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:97.
  20. Nozawa, S. et al. 2006. Difference in SSR variations between Japanese barnyard millet (Echinochloa esculenta) and its wild relative E. crus-galli. Breed. Sci. 56:335-340.
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  22. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  23. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  24. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:129. Note: lists as"Echinochloa crusgalli"
  25. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 4:126-127.
  26. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  27. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  29. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  30. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/poaceae/echinochloa-crus-galli/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  31. Webster, R. K. 1992. Compendium of rice diseases. The disease compendium series. 18.
  32. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = "Echinochloa crusgalli" with six varieties
  33. Yabuno, T. 1962. Cytotaxonomic studies on the two cultivated species and the wild relatives in the genus Echinochloa. Cytologia 27:296-305. Note: hexaploid populations of Echinochloa crus-galli considered wild forms of E. esculenta (as "E. utilis")
  34. Yabuno, T. 1987. Japanese barnyard millet (Echinochloa utilis, Poaceae) in Japan. Econ. Bot. 41:484-493. Note: proposed as progenitor of Echinochloa esculenta (as E. utilis)
  35. Yamaguchi, H. et al. 2005. A molecular phylogeny of wild and cultivated Echinochloa in East Asia inferred from non-coding region sequences of trnT-L-F. Weed Biol. Managem. 5:210-218. Note: The weed society of Japan
  36. Ye, C.-Y. et al. 2014. Echinochloa chloroplast genomes: Insights into the evolution and taxonomic identification of two weedy species. PLoS One 9(11): e113657. Note: identification of samples used for genome sequencing was based on morphology, cytology and a cp-marker (trnT-L-F); it detected genomic variation between Echinochloa crus-galli and E. oryzoides
  37. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:217.
  38. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14823. Accessed 6 December 2019.