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Taxon: Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv.

 
Genus: Echinochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Boivinellinae
Nomen number: 14823
Place of publication: Ess. Agrostogr. 53, 161, 169, t. 11, fig. 2. 1812 "crus galli"
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/394240
Comments:
  • • combination made in index
  • • allohexaploid (2n=54)
Name Verified on: 05-Mar-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Mar-2018
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 782 (76 active, 72 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation [Astrakhan, Kalmykia, Saratov, Volgograd]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Guinea, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa, Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Turkey
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Ukraine

    Northern America
    • Mexico, North America

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: U.S. Outlying Islands, [Johnston Atoll, Midway Islands] United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands, Micronesia
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Other (origin obscure, likely tropical Asia)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Aoki, D. & H. Yamaguchi 2008. Genetic relationship between Echinochloa crus-galli and Echinochloa oryzicola accessions inferred from internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast DNA sequences Weed Biol. Managem. 8:233-242.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  4. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  5. Boulos, L. & M. N. El-Hadidi The weeds of Egypt. (Weeds Egypt)
  6. Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  7. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  8. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  11. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Gould, F. W. et al. 1972. A revision of Echinochloa in the United States Amer. Midl. Naturalist 87:53.
  14. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  15. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  16. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  17. International Development Consortium Invasive species compendium (on-line resource). (Invasive Spec Comp)
  18. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:97.
  19. Nozawa, S. et al. 2006. Difference in SSR variations between Japanese barnyard millet (Echinochloa esculenta) and its wild relative E. crus-galli Breed. Sci. 56:335-340.
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  21. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  22. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  23. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region. 2006- (F LowVolga) 1:129.
  24. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:126-127.
  25. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  26. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  28. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  29. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  30. Webster, R. K. 1992. Compendium of rice diseases (Diseas Comp) 18.
  31. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  32. Yabuno, T. 1987. Japanese barnyard millet (Echinochloa utilis, Poaceae) in Japan Econ. Bot. 41:484-493.
  33. Yabuno, T. 1962. Cytotaxonomic studies on the two cultivated species and the wild relatives in the genus Echinochloa (Cytologia) 27:296-305.
  34. Yamaguchi, H. et al. 2005. A molecular phylogeny of wild and cultivated Echinochloa in East Asia inferred from non-coding region sequences of trnT-L-F Weed Biol. Managem. 5:210-218.
  35. Ye, C.-Y. et al. 2014. Echinochloa chloroplast genomes: Insights into the evolution and taxonomic identification of two weedy species (PloS One) 9(11): e113657.
  36. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:217.

Check other web resources for Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14823. Accessed 16 October 2018.