Taxon: Echium plantagineum L.

 
Genus: Echium
Family: Boraginaceae
  Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Nomen number: 14875
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:202. 1771
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Econ Pl Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; F Pak; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Human food: potential as oil/fat (fide http://www.acnfp.gov.uk/assess/fullapplics/refechiumoil,)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2, as E. lycopsis; Everist, as E. lycopsis; Kingsbury, as E. lycopsis; Lampe & McCann, as E. lycopsis)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Noxweed Aust; Pulmonaria 107.; Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Middle Europe: Germany
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Massachusetts, - New York, - Pennsylvania
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Advisory Committee on Novel Foods and Processes (UK) 2010. Refined Echium oil
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bennett, M. Pulmonarias and the Borage family. 2003 (Pulmonaria) 107.
  • Bramwell, D. 1972. A revision of the genus Echium in Macaronesia (Lagascalia) 2:64.
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Lems, K. Floristic botany of the Canary islands. 1960 (L Canary)
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. 1959 (F CalifMunz)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. 1982 (F Ital)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Retief, E. & A. E. Van Wyk 1998. The genus Echium in southern Africa (Bothalia) 28:174.
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974 (SF Egypt)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Echium plantagineum L. :

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