Taxon: Echium plantagineum L.

 
Genus: Echium
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Tribe: Lithospermeae
Nomen number: 14875
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:202. 1771
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production ()
  • Bee plants: honey production ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Human food: potential as oil/fat (fide http://www.acnfp.gov.uk/assess/fullapplics/refechiumoil,)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as E. lycopsis)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as E. lycopsis)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as E. lycopsis)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as E. lycopsis)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt, Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Germany
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Manitoba]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Advisory Committee on Novel Foods and Processes (UK) 2010. Refined Echium oil
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  5. Bennett, M. Pulmonarias and the Borage family. 2003 (Pulmonaria) 107.
  6. Bramwell, D. 1972. A revision of the genus Echium in Macaronesia (Lagascalia) 2:64.
  7. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  11. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  13. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  14. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  15. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  16. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  17. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  18. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  19. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  21. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  22. Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  23. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  24. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  25. Lems, K. Floristic botany of the Canary islands. (L Canary)
  26. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  27. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  28. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  29. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  30. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  31. Retief, E. & A. E. Van Wyk 1998. The genus Echium in southern Africa (Bothalia) 28:174.
  32. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  33. Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  34. Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. (SF Egypt)
  35. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  37. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Echium plantagineum L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14875. Accessed 24 May 2018.