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Taxon: Echium plantagineum L.

 
Genus: Echium
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Tribe: Lithospermeae
Nomen number: 14875
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:202. 1771
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (2 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production; honey production
  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Human food:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as E. lycopsis) mammals (as E. lycopsis) mammals (as E. lycopsis)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt, Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Germany
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Manitoba]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Advisory Committee on Novel Foods and Processes (UK). 2010. Refined Echium oil. Note: re. potential use as oil/fat
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  5. Bennett, M. 2003. Pulmonarias and the Borage family 107.
  6. Bramwell, D. 1972. A revision of the genus Echium in Macaronesia. Lagascalia 2:64.
  7. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  13. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  14. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  15. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  16. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  17. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  18. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  19. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  21. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  22. Kartesz, J. T. 2011. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP)
  23. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  24. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  25. Lems, K. 1960. Floristic botany of the Canary islands.
  26. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  27. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  28. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  29. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  30. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  31. Retief, E. & A. E. Van Wyk. 1998. The genus Echium in southern Africa. Bothalia 28:174.
  32. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  33. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  34. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  35. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  37. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds

Check other web resources for Echium plantagineum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14875. Accessed 15 July 2019.