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Taxon: Echium vulgare L.

 
Genus: Echium
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Tribe: Lithospermeae
Nomen number: 14879
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:139. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 3 (3 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production; honey production
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Turkey (n.w.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang (n.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Tasmania, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Germany
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Utah]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  3. Bennett, M. Pulmonarias and the Borage family. 2003 (Pulmonaria) 100.
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  14. Guillarmod, A. J. Flora of Lesotho. (F Lesotho)
  15. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  16. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  17. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  18. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  19. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  20. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  21. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  22. Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  23. Klemow, K. M. et al. 2002. The biology of Canadian weeds. 116. Echium vulgare L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 82:235-248.
  24. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  25. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  26. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  27. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  29. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  30. Ortega-Sada, J. L. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos. (F Int Apico)
  31. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  32. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  33. Retief, E. & A. E. Van Wyk 1998. The genus Echium in southern Africa (Bothalia) 28:174.
  34. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  35. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  36. Willis, J. H. A handbook to plants in Victoria. (F VictWillis)
  37. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Echium vulgare L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14879. Accessed 16 October 2018.