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Taxon: Elaeagnus angustifolia L.

 
Genus: Elaeagnus
Family: Elaeagnaceae
Nomen number: 14915
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:121. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 28-Jan-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 85 (7 active, 6 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • oleaster  (Source: F USSR) - English
  • Russian-olive  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • trebizond-date  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • Russian-olive   - English (Canada)
  • chalef  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • olivier de Bohême  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • olivier de Bohême   - French (Canada)
  • schmalblättrige Ölweide  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • árvore-do-paraíso  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • árbol del paraíso  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • olivo de Bohemia  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • panjino  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • smalbladig silverbuske  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • sha zao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • loch uzkolistvennyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental: ornamental; revegetator; shade/shelter
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: fruit
  • Materials: wood
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Ningxia Huizi Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Pakistan (n.e.)

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part [European part]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Europe
    • Europe (natzd. elsewhere)

    Northern America
    • Canada (s.-c.), United States


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Elaeagnus_angustifolia/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  6. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press. Note: cultivated
  7. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 177.
  8. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Elaeagnus+angustifolia&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  12. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  13. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  14. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  15. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  16. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  17. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  18. Sun, M. & Q. Lin. 2010. A revision of Elaeagnus L. (Elaeagnaceae) in mainland China. J. Syst. Evol. 48:380-381.
  19. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/russolive.shtml target='_blank'
  20. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  22. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Elaeagnus angustifolia L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Elaeagnus angustifolia cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14915. Accessed 17 September 2019.