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Taxon: Elaeagnus angustifolia L.

 
Genus: Elaeagnus
Family: Elaeagnaceae
Nomen number: 14915
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:121. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 28-Jan-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 85 (7 active, 6 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • oleaster  (Source: F USSR) - English
  • Russian-olive  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • trebizond-date  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • chalef  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • olivier de Bohême  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • schmalblättrige Ölweide  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • árvore-do-paraíso  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • árbol del paraíso  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • olivo de Bohemia  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • panjino  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • smalbladig silverbuske  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • sha zao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • loch uzkolistvennyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental: ornamental; revegetator; shade/shelter
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: fruit
  • Materials: wood
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Henan, Hebei, Gansu, Liaoning, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Xinjiang]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Pakistan (n.e.)

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part [European part]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Europe
    • Europe (natzd. elsewhere)

    Northern America
    • Canada (s.-c.), United States


References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  6. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas (Pl Invasion) 255-267.
  7. Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  8. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  12. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  13. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  14. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  15. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  16. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  17. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  18. Sun, M. & Q. Lin 2010. A revision of Elaeagnus L. (Elaeagnaceae) in mainland China J. Syst. Evol. 48:380-381.
  19. USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  20. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Elaeagnus angustifolia L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Elaeagnus angustifolia cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14915. Accessed 15 November 2018.