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Taxon: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.

 
Genus: Eleusine
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Subtribe: Eleusininae
Nomen number: 14997
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 1:8. 1788
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 29-Nov-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Nov-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 8 (5 active, 5 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • crabgrass  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • crowfoot grass  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • goose grass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • wire grass  (Source: Atlas WWeed) - English
  • yard grass  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • nageil  (Source: F Egypt) - Arabic
  • eleusine des Indes  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • eleusine d'Inde  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • pied de poule  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • capim-da-cidade  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-de-burro  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-pé-de-galinha  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-de-coradouro  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-sapo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama de caballo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • gåshirs  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan (s.)
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, [Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Yemen
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: India, [Andaman and Nicobar] Indochina, Myanmar


    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation [Volgograd]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Guam, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Pitcairn
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: American Samoa, Fiji, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Samoa, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna Islands

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, [Easter Island] Paraguay, Uruguay


    Other (exact native range in paleotropics obscure)

References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  3. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  4. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  5. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  6. Bisht, M. S. & Y. Mukai 2001. Genomic in situ hybridization identifies genome donor of finger millet (Eleusine coracana) Theor. Appl. Genet. 102:825-832.
  7. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  8. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  9. Boulos, L. & M. N. El-Hadidi The weeds of Egypt. (Weeds Egypt)
  10. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  11. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  12. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  13. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  14. Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. Flora of southern Africa. (F SAfr)
  15. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  16. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  17. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  18. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  19. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  20. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  21. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  22. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  23. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. (F Guianas)
  24. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  25. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  26. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  27. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  28. Hilu, K. W. & J. M. J. de Wet 1976. Domestication of Eleusine coracana Econ. Bot. 30:199-208.
  29. Hiremath, S. C. & S. S. Salimath 1992. The 'A' genome donor of Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. (Gramineae) Theor. Appl. Genet. 84:747-754.
  30. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  31. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  32. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  33. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  34. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  35. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  36. Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  37. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  38. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  39. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2. (F PR ed2)
  40. Liu, Q. et al. 2011. Allotetraploid origin and divergence in Eleusine (Chloridoideae, Poaceae): evidence from low-copy nuclear gene phylogenies and plastid gene chronogram Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 108:1287-1298.
  41. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  42. Neves, S. S. et al. 2005. Phylogeny of Eleusine (Poaceae: Chloridoideae) based on nuclear ITS and plastid trnT-trnF sequences Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 35:395-419.
  43. Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-mer Graminees des paturages et des cultures a Madagascar. (Grass Madag)
  44. Peterson, P. M. et al. 2015. A molecular phylogeny and classification of the Eleusininae with a new genus, Micrachne (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae) (Taxon) 64:445-467.
  45. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  46. Proctor, G. R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. (F Cayman)
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  48. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  49. Releford, J. S. et al. 2009. Flora of Rongelap and Ailinginae Atolls, Republic of the Marshalls Islands Atoll Res. Bull. 572:1-13.
  50. Renvoize, S. A. Gramineas de Bolivia. 1998 (Grass Bolivia)
  51. Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  52. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region. 2006- (F LowVolga) 1:179.
  53. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  54. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  55. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  56. Veldkamp, J. F. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  57. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  58. Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)
  59. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  60. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14997. Accessed 16 December 2018.