Taxon: Elymus canadensis L.

 
Genus: Elymus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Pooideae
      Tribe: Triticeae
        Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 15032
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:83. 1753
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-2007
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 132 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Proc E Nat Grass Sym)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of wheat (fide Wild Crop Rel Cer 2:78. 2011)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Intermt F)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Nuevo Leon
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Baum, B. R. et al. 2012. Are the Great Plains wildrye (Elymus canadensis) and the Siberian wildrye (Elymus sibiricus) conspecific? A study based on the nuclear 5S rDNA sequences (Botany) 90:407-421.
  • Baum, B. R. et al. 2012. Are the Great Plains wildrye (Elymus canadensis) and the Siberian wildrye (Elymus sibiricus) conspecific? A study based on the nuclear 5S rDNA sequences (Botany) 90:407-421.
  • Chase, A. & C. D. Niles, comps. Index to grass species. 1962 (Smiths Grass)
  • Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 1993-1997 (Atlas Tenn)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
  • Dewey, D. R. 1984. The genomic system of classification as a guide to intergeneric hybridization with the perennial Triticeae (Gene Man Pl Improv)
  • Englert, J. 1999. New and upcoming native grass releases from the Eastern US Plant Materials Centers (Proc E Nat Grass Sym) 2:132.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. 1950 (Grass US)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Löve, Á. 1984. Conspectus of the Triticeae Feddes Repert. 95:451.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mason-Gamer, R. J. et al. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of North American Elymus and the monogenomic Triticeae (Poaceae) using three chloroplast DNA data sets (Genome) 45:991-1002.
  • Mason-Gamer, R. J. et al. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of North American Elymus and the monogenomic Triticeae (Poaceae) using three chloroplast DNA data sets (Genome) 45:991-1002.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains. 1977 (Atlas GPlains)
  • Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16. 1992 (Grass Util Mex)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:284.
  • Wang, R. R.-C. 2011. Chapter 2. Agropyron and Psathyrostachys (Wild Crop Rel Cer) 77-108.
  • Wang, R. R.-C. 2011. Chapter 2. Agropyron and Psathyrostachys (Wild Crop Rel Cer) 77-108.
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. 1993 (F Utah ed2)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Elymus canadensis L. :