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Taxon: Elymus canadensis L.

 
Genus: Elymus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 15032
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:83. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-2007
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 133 (84 active, 51 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001); forage
  • Environmental:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory (s.w.)] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec (s.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia (s.), Manitoba (s.), Saskatchewan (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina (w.), Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Monocots&FamilyID=Poaceae&GenusID=Elymus&SpeciesID=canadensis), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California (n.), Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon]


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Baum, B. R. et al. 2012. Are the Great Plains wildrye (Elymus canadensis) and the Siberian wildrye (Elymus sibiricus) conspecific? A study based on the nuclear 5S rDNA sequences (Botany) 90:407-421.
  3. Chase, A. & C. D. Niles, comps. Index to grass species. (Smiths Grass)
  4. Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. (Atlas Tenn)
  5. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  6. Dewey, D. R. 1984. The genomic system of classification as a guide to intergeneric hybridization with the perennial Triticeae (Gene Man Pl Improv)
  7. Englert, J. 1999. New and upcoming native grass releases from the Eastern US Plant Materials Centers (Proc E Nat Grass Sym) 2:132.
  8. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  13. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  14. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  15. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  16. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  17. Löve, Á. 1984. Conspectus of the Triticeae Feddes Repert. 95:451.
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  19. Mason-Gamer, R. J. et al. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of North American Elymus and the monogenomic Triticeae (Poaceae) using three chloroplast DNA data sets (Genome) 45:991-1002.
  20. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  21. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains. (Atlas GPlains)
  22. Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16. 1992 (Grass Util Mex)
  23. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  24. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  25. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:284.
  26. Wang, R. R.-C. 2011. Chapter 2. Agropyron and Psathyrostachys (Wild Crop Rel Cer) 77-108.
  27. Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. (F Utah ed2)

Check other web resources for Elymus canadensis L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=15032. Accessed 18 November 2018.