Taxon: Adonis vernalis L.

 
Genus: Adonis
Family: Ranunculaceae
  Subfamily: Ranunculoideae
      Tribe: Adonideae
Nomen number: 1505
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:547. 1753
Name Verified on: 31-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Mar-2003
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F)
  • Medicines: source of adoniside (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Germany

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Adonis vernalis L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image