Taxon: Elymus virginicus L.

Genus: Elymus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 15075
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:84. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-2007
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 166 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • Virginia wild rye  (Source: Grass US) - English
  • élyme de Virginie  (Source: F NAmer) - French

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (for riparian areas and prairies fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 1999)
  • Environmental: revegetator (for riparian areas and prairies fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 1999)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (for riparian areas and prairies fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 1999)
  • Animal food: forage (fide F Missouri; NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2002)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of wheat (fide Wild Crop Rel Cer 2:78. 2011)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Montana, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan

  • Cultivated


  • Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae) (on-line resource). (Cat New World Grass)
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2005. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 57 (Taxon) 54:1094.
  • Campbell, J. J. N. 1996. (1209) Proposal to conserve the name Elymus virginicus (Poaceae) with a conserved type (Taxon) 45:128-129.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  • Dewey, D. R. 1983. Historical and current taxonomic perspectives of Agropyron, Elymus and related genera Crop Sci. (Madison) 23:693.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource). (World Checkl Sel Fam)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Löve, Á. 1984. Conspectus of the Triticeae Feddes Repert. 95:452.
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. (F New Mex)
  • Mason-Gamer, R. J. et al. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of North American Elymus and the monogenomic Triticeae (Poaceae) using three chloroplast DNA data sets (Genome) 45:991-1002.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  • Wang, R. R.-C. 2011. Chapter 2. Agropyron and Psathyrostachys (Wild Crop Rel Cer) 77-108.
  • Wang, X.-L. et al. 2011. Phylogeny of the StH genome species in Triticeae (Poaceae): Evidence from chloroplast trnL-F and mitochondria COXII intron sequences Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 39:758-765.
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. (F Utah ed2)


Check other web resources for Elymus virginicus L. :


  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image