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Taxon: Elymus virginicus L.

 
Genus: Elymus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 15075
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:84. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-2007
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 172 (167 active, 41 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • Virginia wild rye  (Source: Grass US) - English
  • élyme de Virginie  (Source: F NAmer) - French

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide F Missouri; NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2002)
  • Environmental: revegetator (for riparian areas and prairies fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 1999); shade/shelter (for riparian areas and prairies fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 1999); shade/shelter (for riparian areas and prairies fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 1999)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec (s.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta (s.), British Columbia (s.e.), Manitoba (s.), Saskatchewan (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Montana, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (n.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, Utah (n.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae) (on-line resource). (Cat New World Grass)
  2. Brummitt, R. K. 2005. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 57 (Taxon) 54:1094.
  3. Campbell, J. J. N. 1996. (1209) Proposal to conserve the name Elymus virginicus (Poaceae) with a conserved type (Taxon) 45:128-129.
  4. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  5. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  6. Dewey, D. R. 1983. Historical and current taxonomic perspectives of Agropyron, Elymus and related genera Crop Sci. (Madison) 23:693.
  7. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  8. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  9. Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource). (World Checkl Sel Fam)
  10. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  11. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  13. Löve, Á. 1984. Conspectus of the Triticeae Feddes Repert. 95:452.
  14. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. (F New Mex)
  15. Mason-Gamer, R. J. et al. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of North American Elymus and the monogenomic Triticeae (Poaceae) using three chloroplast DNA data sets (Genome) 45:991-1002.
  16. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  17. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  18. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  19. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  20. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  21. Wang, R. R.-C. 2011. Chapter 2. Agropyron and Psathyrostachys (Wild Crop Rel Cer) 77-108.
  22. Wang, X.-L. et al. 2011. Phylogeny of the StH genome species in Triticeae (Poaceae): Evidence from chloroplast trnL-F and mitochondria COXII intron sequences Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 39:758-765.
  23. Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. (F Utah ed2)

Check other web resources for Elymus virginicus L. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=15075. Accessed 16 November 2018.