Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Elymus virginicus L.

 
Genus: Elymus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 15075
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:84. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 173 (168 active, 40 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Virginia wild rye  (Source: Grass US) - English
  • élyme de Virginie  (Source: F NAmer) - French

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide F Missouri; NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2002)
  • Environmental: revegetator (for riparian areas and prairies fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 1999) shade/shelter (for riparian areas and prairies fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 1999) shade/shelter (for riparian areas and prairies fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 1999)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec (s.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta (s.), British Columbia (s.e.), Manitoba (s.), Saskatchewan (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Montana, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (n.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, Utah (n.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Brummitt, R. K. 2005. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 57. Taxon 54:1094. Note: proposal not recommended
  2. Campbell, J. J. N. 1996. (1209) Proposal to conserve the name Elymus virginicus (Poaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 45:128-129.
  3. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  4. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  5. Dewey, D. R. 1983. Historical and current taxonomic perspectives of Agropyron, Elymus and related genera. Crop Sci. (Madison) 23:693.
  6. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource).
  9. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Löve, Á. 1984. Conspectus of the Triticeae. Feddes Repert. 95:452.
  13. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  14. Mason-Gamer, R. J. et al. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of North American Elymus and the monogenomic Triticeae (Poaceae) using three chloroplast DNA data sets. Genome 45:991-1002. Note: this study cited two USDA accessions (PI 436945 & PI 490361)
  15. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  16. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  17. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  18. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  19. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  20. Wang, R. R.-C. 2011. Chapter 2. Agropyron and Psathyrostachys. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, cereals 77-108. Note: this review mentioned the diversity of genome constitution in Triticeae, all types found in Elymus able to cross with wheat
  21. Wang, X.-L. et al. 2011. Phylogeny of the StH genome species in Triticeae (Poaceae): Evidence from chloroplast trnL-F and mitochondria COXII intron sequences. Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 39:758-765. Note: this study cited one USDA accession (PI 490361)
  22. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  23. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Elymus virginicus L. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=15075. Accessed 18 September 2019.