Taxon: Ephedra equisetina Bunge

Genus: Ephedra
Family: Ephedraceae
Nomen number: 15221
Place of publication: Beitr. Fl. Russl. 324. 1852 (Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 7:499. 1854)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: National Arid Land Plant Genetic Resources Unit (PARL)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Mongolian ephedra  (Source: Ency CNatIn) - English
  • mu zei ma huang  (Source: Ency CNatIn) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: source of ephedrine & pseudoephedrine (fide Ency CNatIn; German CommE Monog; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan
    • China: China Gansu, Hebei, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xizang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan


  • Blumenthal, M. & P. King 1995. Herbalgram 34:22-27.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Ephedra equisetina Bunge :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.