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Taxon: Eriochloa polystachya Kunth

 
Genus: Eriochloa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Melinidinae
Nomen number: 15616
Place of publication: F. W. H. A. von Humboldt et al., Nov. gen. sp. 1:79[folio]; 1:95[quarto], t. 31. 1816
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 04-May-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 6 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Carib grass  (Source: Grass US) - English
  • Caribbean cup grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • capim-angolinha  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-da-várzea  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-ratão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • yerba de Caribe  (Source: Cavanillesia Alt) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (noxious in Indonesia)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Honduras
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized



    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  3. Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II. Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  4. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  5. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  6. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986-. Flora of the Guianas.
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. Note: mentions
  9. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946-1969. Flora de Cuba
  10. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  11. Shaw, R. B. & R. Webster. 1987. The genus Eriochloa (Poaceae: Paniceae) in North and Central America. Sida 12:193.
  12. Soerjani, M. et al., eds. 1987. Weeds of rice in Indonesia. 428.

Check other web resources for Eriochloa polystachya Kunth :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=15616. Accessed 21 July 2019.