Taxon: Erythroxylum coca Lam.

 
Genus: Erythroxylum
Family: Erythroxylaceae
Nomen number: 15794
Place of publication: Encycl. 2:393. 1786
Name Verified on: 18-Jul-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Oct-1994
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 12 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (source of cocaine fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Social: narcotic (fide Hortus 3)
  • Social: stimulant (fide Hortus 3)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . origin Andean South America

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Western South America: Bolivia; Peru

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. in tropics

    Cultivated:

    . cult. in tropics

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bohm, B. A. et al. 1982. Biosystematics and evolution of cultivated coca (Erythroxylaceae) Syst. Bot. 7:121-133.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Plowman, T. & N. Hensold 2004. Names, types, and distribution of neotropical species of Erythroxylum (Erythroxylaceae) (Brittonia) 56:12-13.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Erythroxylum coca Lam. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

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