Taxon: Fagopyrum esculentum Moench

 
Genus: Fagopyrum
Family: Polygonaceae
  Subfamily: Polygonoideae
      Tribe: Fagopyreae
Nomen number: 16528
Place of publication: Methodus 290. 1794
Name Verified on: 10-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Jan-2017
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 181 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Human food: pseudocereal (fide CultTropS)
  • Animal food: fodder (for poultry, livestock fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of buckwheat (based on the recognition of wild populations of F. esculentum genetically distinct from the crop fide Econ Bot 52:127. 1998)
  • Medicines: source of rutin (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Kellerman et al., as F. sagittatum "sygittum")

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Xizang, - Yunnan

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; South Africa - Eastern Cape, - Free State, - Gauteng, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Northern Cape
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Germany
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Newfoundland, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Delaware, - District of Columbia, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Poland
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Cuba

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Campbell, C. 2003. Buckwheat crop improvement (Fagopyrum) 20:1-6.
  • Chen, Q.-F. 1999. A study of resources of Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) native to China Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 130:53-64.
  • Chen, Q.-F. 1999. Hybridization between Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) species native to China Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 131:177-185.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals (Pl Res SEAs) 10:95-99.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Konishi, T. et al. 2005. Original birthplace of cultivated common buckwheat inferred from genetic relationships among cultivated populations and natural populations of wild common buckwheat revealed by AFLP analysis Genes Genet. Systems 80:113-119.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Logacheva, M. D. et al. 2008. Comparative chloroplast genomics and phylogenetics of Fagopyrum esculentum ssp. ancestrale - A wild ancestor of cultivated buckwheat B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 8:59.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:98-99.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Ohnishi, O. 1998. Search for the wild ancestor of buckwheat III. The wild ancestor of cultivated common buckwheat, and of Tatary buckwheat Econ. Bot. 52:123-133.
  • Ohnishi, O. & T. Konishi 2001. Cultivated and wild buckwheat species in eastern Tibet (Fagopyrum) 18:3-8.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. 2007 (Weed CRCAustralia)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Samimy, C. 1991. Barrier to interspecific crossing of Fagopyrum esculentum with Fagopyrum tataricum: I. Site of pollen-tube arrest. II. Organogenesis from immature embryos of F. tataricum (Euphytica) 54:215-219.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yasui, Y. & O. Ohnishi 1998. Phylogenetic relationships among Fagopyrum species revealed by the nucleotide sequences of the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA gene Genes Genet. Systems 73:201-210.
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Fagopyrum esculentum Moench :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image