Taxon: Fagopyrum esculentum Moench

Genus: Fagopyrum
Family: Polygonaceae
Subfamily: Polygonoideae
Tribe: Fagopyreae
Nomen number: 16528
Place of publication: Methodus 290. 1794
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 10-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Jan-2017
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 181 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Human food: pseudocereal (fide CultTropS)
  • Animal food: fodder (for poultry, livestock fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of buckwheat (based on the recognition of wild populations of F. esculentum genetically distinct from the crop fide Econ Bot 52:127. 1998)
  • Medicines: source of rutin (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Kellerman et al., as F. sagittatum "sygittum")

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Yunnan, Xizang

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Southern Africa: Botswana ; South Africa Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Cape
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia New South Wales, Queensland
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part European part
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Germany
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California
    • Subarctic America: Canada Yukon Territory; United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan

  • Cultivated

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan ; India ; Nepal ; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Poland
  • Northern America

    • Canada ; United States
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Cuba


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  • Campbell, C. 2003. Buckwheat crop improvement (Fagopyrum) 20:1-6.
  • Chen, Q.-F. 1999. A study of resources of Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) native to China Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 130:53-64.
  • Chen, Q.-F. 1999. Hybridization between Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) species native to China Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 131:177-185.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
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  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
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  • Konishi, T. et al. 2005. Original birthplace of cultivated common buckwheat inferred from genetic relationships among cultivated populations and natural populations of wild common buckwheat revealed by AFLP analysis Genes Genet. Systems 80:113-119.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
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  • Logacheva, M. D. et al. 2008. Comparative chloroplast genomics and phylogenetics of Fagopyrum esculentum ssp. ancestrale - A wild ancestor of cultivated buckwheat B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 8:59.
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  • Ohnishi, O. 1998. Search for the wild ancestor of buckwheat III. The wild ancestor of cultivated common buckwheat, and of Tatary buckwheat Econ. Bot. 52:123-133.
  • Ohnishi, O. & T. Konishi 2001. Cultivated and wild buckwheat species in eastern Tibet (Fagopyrum) 18:3-8.
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Check other web resources for Fagopyrum esculentum Moench :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image