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Taxon: Fagopyrum esculentum Moench

 
Genus: Fagopyrum
Family: Polygonaceae
Subfamily: Polygonoideae
Tribe: Fagopyreae
Nomen number: 16528
Place of publication: Methodus 290. 1794
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 10-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 357 (181 active, 178 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (for poultry, livestock)
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental:
  • Human food:
  • Medicines: source of rutin; source of rutin
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Yunnan Sheng, Xizang Zizhiqu]


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (n.)
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand (n.), Vietnam (n.)

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba
    • BRAZIL: Brazil


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Gauteng]

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Germany
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Fagopyrum_esculentum_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  4. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  5. Campbell, C. 2003. Buckwheat crop improvement. Fagopyrum 20:1-6. Note: Fagopyrum esculentum, a diploid, 2n=16
  6. Chen, Q.-F. 1999. A study of resources of Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) native to China. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 130:53-64. Note: it postulated diploids Fagopyrum megaspartanium and F. pilus as probable ancestors of buckwheat
  7. Chen, Q.-F. 1999. Hybridization between Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) species native to China. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 131:177-185.
  8. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  9. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 79.
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Fagopyrum+esculentum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  14. Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 10:95-99.
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  16. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  17. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  18. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  19. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  20. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  21. Konishi, T. et al. 2005. Original birthplace of cultivated common buckwheat inferred from genetic relationships among cultivated populations and natural populations of wild common buckwheat revealed by AFLP analysis. Genes Genet. Systems 80:113-119.
  22. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  23. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  24. Logacheva, M. D. et al. 2008. Comparative chloroplast genomics and phylogenetics of Fagopyrum esculentum ssp. ancestrale - A wild ancestor of cultivated buckwheat. B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 8:59.
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  27. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:98-99.
  28. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  29. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  30. Ohnishi, O. & T. Konishi. 2001. Cultivated and wild buckwheat species in eastern Tibet. Fagopyrum 18:3-8.
  31. Ohnishi, O. 1998. Search for the wild ancestor of buckwheat III. The wild ancestor of cultivated common buckwheat, and of Tatary buckwheat. Econ. Bot. 52:123-133. Note: it recognized "Fagopyrum esculentum subsp. ancestralis"
  32. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  33. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  34. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  35. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  36. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  37. Samimy, C. 1991. Barrier to interspecific crossing of Fagopyrum esculentum with Fagopyrum tataricum: I. Site of pollen-tube arrest. II. Organogenesis from immature embryos of F. tataricum. Euphytica 54:215-219. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  38. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  39. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  40. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  41. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  42. Yasui, Y. & O. Ohnishi. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships among Fagopyrum species revealed by the nucleotide sequences of the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA gene. Genes Genet. Systems 73:201-210. Note: it recognizes two subspecies: esculentum and ancestralis
  43. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Fagopyrum esculentum Moench :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16528. Accessed 19 September 2019.